Polity is the study of the constitution and governance and is an important topic in IAS (UPSC CSE) Prelims as well as Mains exam. The section has significant marks weightage in the exam. Polity continues to be the center of the IAS (UPSC CSE) exam pattern over the years, despite any changes made in this exam. As per the new syllabus, questions from this section are now more analytical and concept-based rather than direct facts.
The topics in Polity are all related to the Preamble, constitution- the schedules, parts and articles included in it. Topics like fundamental rights, the wording of preamble, the name of the 12 schedules, the changes made to the number of parts and schedules over the years, the structure of parliament, directive principles of state policies, administration of Union Territories, are some of the major topics that are frequented in the Prelims exam. The following are few ideas about questions you get from this section:
Must Read: Best Books For UPSC CSE Prelims Exam 2021
Though this section is important and occupies 15-18 % of the questions of UPSC Prelims, the number of questions varies every year. The following table will give you an idea about it:
|Name of Year||Number of Questions|
Recommendations of Books to prepare Polity of UPSC Prelims 2021 depends on the depth of knowledge on Polity.
|Name of Books||Author / Publisher|
|Democratic Politics – II||NCERT Standard X|
|Political Theory||NCERT Standard XI|
|Indian Constitution at Work||NCERT Standard XI|
|Contemporary World Politics||NCERT Standard XII|
|Politics in India Since Independence||NCERT Standard XII|
|Democratic Politics-I||NCERT Standard IX|
|Name of Books||Author/Publisher|
|Our Parliament||Subhash Kashyap|
|The Constitution of India||P. M. Bakshi|
|Name of Books||Author/Publisher|
|Our Judiciary||Subhash Kashyap|
|Introduction to the Constitution||D. D. Basu|
|Governance in India||M. Laxmikanth|
Best Newspapers for UPSC Current Affairs:
Best Magazines for UPSC Prelims:
Ques. Are polity and politics the Same?
Ans. Polity is used in the sense of “community.” The term comes from the Greek word “polis” and includes not only the city-state but also schemes and the systems of government including constitutions and judicial systems whereas Politics describes the theory and practice of the power struggle between the players inside the polity. It constitutes the core of the political system.
Ques. What is Polity and the Constitution of India?
Ans. The word polity denotes the “form of government” in India including its powers, functions and limitations. Indian Democratic Government is of two types: centralized (a unitary form of government) or decentralized (a federal form of government).
The constitution can be defined as “ body of fundamental principles according to which a State is constituted or governed”.
Ques. What is the difference between polity and political science?
Ans. The difference between Polity and Political science is very minute like the difference between Science and Technology. Political Science represents various theories about the evolution of the state, about the system of governance and how it works, etc. On the contrary, Polity is the model of government representing the whole system in practice including the constitution and Federal departments.
Ques. Is Polity compulsory for UPSC Prelims?
Ans. In the case of UPSC Prelims, this section can be skipped if you feel uncomfortable to answer. But this section is compulsory for UPSC Main. For that reason, start your preparation in depths from the beginning and the questions from this section are also not very tricky which makes them easier to attempt.
Ques. Can I skip newspapers for UPSC?
Ans. No, Newspapers are not a replaceable source of knowledge. You may do that but you should not. Since 2013, UPSC sets 60–70% of the question paper from newspapers.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.