NDA or National Defence Academy Exam 2020 is a national level exam organized by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) to recruit candidates in Army, Navy and Air Force. It is conducted twice every year as NDA (1) and NDA (2). Qualified candidates are sent for training at NDA, Khadakwasla and once they graduate from NDA, they are sent to the respective specialized academies of the three forces, namely, Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy(INA) and the Air Force Academy(AFA).
Latest Update: NDA 2 Withdrawal Application forms will be available from July 13 to July 17, 2020, Check here
NDA II Application Forms were released on June 16, 2020. The forms were available till July 6, 2020
This year, NDA -I and NDA-II exams will be held together on September 6, 2020, as announced on June 5, 2020. Also, notification on the NDA –II Examination will be posted on June 16, 2020.
The application process is already over for NDA (1) 2020 and the Admit Card will be released soon.
The exam consists of 2 sections- Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The total duration of the exam is 5 hours combined for both sections.
The exam will be conducted in offline mode (pen and paper-based). – Check UPSC NDA 2020 Exam Pattern
NDA Exam 2020 Syllabus is based on CBSE 10+2 standards.
Candidates successfully qualifying the written test would be shortlisted for the NDA Selection Process.
Candidates qualifying the written test are called for an NDA SSB Interview. The final selection is done on the basis of the overall performance of the candidate.
|Exam Name||National Defence Academy|
|Conducting Body||Union Public Service Commission|
|Exam Type||National Level|
|Eligibility Criteria||Unmarried Male candidates can apply|
|Mode of Application||Online|
|Duration||Mathematics: 2 hours 30 minutes General Ability Test: 2 hours 30 minutes|
|Number of cities for exam centres||41|
|Exam helpdesk||011-23385271/011-23381125/011- 23098543|
|NDA I 2020 events||NDA 1 (Released)||NDA 2|
|Notification Issue Date||January 06, 2020||June 16, 2020|
|Application Form Released||January 08, 2020||June 16, 2020(Released)|
|Last Date to Submit the Application Form||January 28, 2020||July 06, 2020|
|Admit Card Issue Date||Last Week of March 2020||To be announced soon|
|Exam Date||September 6, 2020||September 6, 2020|
|Result Declaration Date||To be announced soon||To be announced soon|
Hence, if you missed applying for the upcoming NDA 1 exam, you will still get your chance this year. Simply keep a close tab on the UPSC official website June onwards and start taking the preparation right away from this instance to ace the September 6, 2020 exam.
Educational qualification: It is different for different academies. Therefore, the aspirants should check the educational qualification
Navy, Air Force, and Naval Academy of NDA: The aspirants should qualify their class 12 or HSC exam under 10+2 exam pattern, which should be conducted by State Education Board or University.
Age Limit: For NDA (II), the aspirants should not be born before 2 January 2002, and not after 1 January 2005. On the other hand, if the aspirants have not born after 1 July 2004 and not before 2 July 200, are also eligible to appear for NDA (I) exam. This birth date is examined according to Matricular or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or should be recognized by the Indian University.
Army Wing of NDA: The candidates should pass the exam of class 12 or HSC under 10+2 pattern from any school education Board or from equivalent University.
The application process has already finished by January 28, 2020. Furthermore, this year, there was a provision to withdraw your application and the last day of doing so was February 11, 2020. Presently, the admit card is yet to be released on the website.
The conducting body will release the NDA I 2020 Admit Card on the official UPSC website.
Visit upsc.gov.in to download NDA Hall Ticket 2020.
Admit card bear the exam related details like student’s name, roll number, exam centre, exam date & timing, etc.
Without admit cards, candidates will not be permitted to appear in the examination.
To download follow the steps given below:
Go to the official website of UPSC.
A link for NDA I 2020 Admit Card Download will be provided, click on it.
You must enter the registration number/ roll number along with the password and captcha code.
Click on submit, the admit card will appear on the screen.
Check all the details carefully and download multiple copies of it.
The NDA exam is conducted in the conventional pen and paper form and has multiple-choice questions. Especially in the GAT section, one has to be careful as there is a higher negative marking. The following table precisely gives all the necessary information on the exam pattern. When you have a thorough understanding of the pattern, preparing for it at the last moment becomes easier.
|Exam Pattern Highlights|
|NDA I 2020||Mathematics||General ability test|
|Exam Duration||2 hours and 30 minutes||2 hours and 30 minutes|
|No. of sections||1||2 (English and General Knowledge)|
|Total no. of questions||120||150|
|Total marks||300||600 (English (200) + GK (400))|
|Marking scheme||2.5 for correct and -0.83 for incorrect||4 for correct and -1.33 for incorrect|
|Medium||English and Hindi||English for the English section. English and Hindi for GK section|
|Type of questions||Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)|
The mathematics section is highly scoring if you are adept at solving the problems with accuracy in minimum time. Though you are given ample time to solve the entire paper, unless you have a clear conception of math and science, each problem can be time-consuming.
The general knowledge section of the NDA I 2020 consists of the following topics:
Physics (100 marks)
Chemistry (60 marks)
General Science (40 marks)
History and Freedom Movement (80 marks)
Geography (80 marks)
Current Events (40 marks)
|Do note: The exam is majorly based on CBSE 10+2 syllabus and irrespective of the books you refer, NCERT books for every subject is the best guide.|
UPSC NDA is a two-tier exam and 900 marks are allotted to each tier. The cadets are selected based on their aggregate cut-off in both tiers. However, to qualify for the second tier, which is the SSB interview, you have to score a minimum of 25% out of 900 in the First Tier. At the same time, you must have a minimum of 25% in each section of the papers. The average cut-off has varied over the years and if you note the trend since 2010, it has increased with time.
Whether the NDA cut-off will be lower than usual this year, depends on many factors like the difficulty level of the paper, number of candidates who appeared, etc.
When you are preparing for the upcoming test, keeping the cut-off trend in mind helps you to make a study plan.
|Year||NDA(I) (Max Marks:900)||NDA(II) (Max Marks:900)|
|2015||306 (With at least 30% marks in each Subject) Marks secured by the last finally recommended candidate (out of 1800 marks) 674||269 (With at least 25% marks in each subject) Marks secured by the last recommended candidate (Out of 1800 marks) 637|
|2016||288 (With at least 25 % marks in each Subject) Marks secured by the last finally recommended candidate (Out of 1800 marks) 656||315|
|2017||342(With at least 25 % marks in each Subject) Marks secured by the last finally recommended candidate (Out of 1800 marks) 708||–|
|2018||338 (with at least 25% in each subject)||325 (with at least 25% in each subject)|
|2019||342 (with at least 25% marks in each subject)||-|
|2020 (expected)||338-342- For Tier-1 700-720- Overall expected cut-off out of 1800||-|
The syllabus for NDA I 2020 written test will comprise two sections- Mathematical Ability and General Ability. The questions in NDA I 2020 will be asked from topics and concepts of 10+2 level. The following are the topics from Mathematical Ability and General Ability sections covered as a part of the NDA I 2020 Syllabus.
NDA Syllabus for Mathematical Ability
|NDA Syllabus for Mathematics|
|Algebra||Matrices and Determinants|
|Trigonometry||Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions|
|Differential Calculus||Integral Calculus and Differential Equations|
|Vector Algebra||Statistics and Probability|
NDA Syllabus for General Ability Topics from the English and General Knowledge will be covered in the General Ability section of NDA I 2020. General Knowledge will comprise of the following:
|NDA Syllabus for General Ability Test|
The NDA 2020 exam is just approximately three weeks away and in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic, many things are uncertain including the surety of the pre-assigned exam dates. However, to date there is no news of the NDA 1 2020 exam being postponed and hence, without further ado, it is high time that you start studying.
A few tricks and having a proper study plan throughout the day every day will help you to ace the test.
For math, science and English, refer NCERT books from class 6-12 in these subjects. Practice the questions here regularly and these are the easiest books to clear your conception on the subjects.
For English grammar and current affairs, dedicate at least an hour every day to thoroughly read through the daily newspaper. National newspaper like “The Hindu” is the best choice for this purpose.
Dedicate 1-2hours every day to solve previous year questions, especially for math and science sections.
If you are really determined about cracking this exam and getting into the army, start your preparations as early as in class 9 or 10. The last-minute preparation can help you revise all the necessary chapters, but your determination for years even before you reach the eligible age will help you ace every stage.
Emphasis on practicing the subjects you are good at in the last moment preparation rather than starting with a completely new topic.
Understand the marking scheme of the exam to systematically divide your study time for each subject. Higher the marks for a section, the more time you dedicate to it.
Practice the online as well as offline mock papers you come across. The last 15 days before NDA 1 2020 is the best time to improve your speed and accuracy through rigorous practice.
Specifically for physics, chemistry, and math- memorize all the formulas and make notes of them on a daily basis in a single notebook so that you can find them all in one place for last-minute revisions.
Questions related to the current political scenario and historical scenario of India should be emphasized, as well as pay more attention to the English grammar and comprehension section.
Lastly, make sure you consistently follow a study time table for the last 15 days before the exam to avoid stressing out a day before which will further affect your performance negatively.
We have also listed a few good books which you can refer apart from the NCERT books for practicing questions. While NCERT alone suffices, they do not have enough practice questions and are more reliable for improving your basic conception on the subject. However, in the following books you can find ample of problems to improve your speed and accuracy through practice:
|English Grammar and Composition||Wren and Martin|
|Mathematics for NDA and NA: National Defence Academy and Naval Academy||R S Aggarwal|
|Quantitative aptitude for competitive examinations||R S Aggarwal|
|Study Package MATHEMATICS NDA & NA Entrance Exam||Arihant|
|NDA Mathematics (Hindi)||RPH Editorial Board|
|History Of Modern India (History)||Bipan Chandra|
|Science and Technology in India (Science and Technology)||Kalpana Rajaram: Spectrum|
|Oxford School Atlas (Geography)||Oxford|
|Social Problems In India (Indian Society – GS1)||Ram Ahuja|
|Objective General English for Competitive Exams||S.P. Bakshi|
|Manorama Yearbook 2017||Mammen Mathew|
The NDA 2020 aspirants should follow the below-mentioned preparation tips for securing a good score in the exam:
The following are important guidelines and factors you should remember before the exam to avoid disqualification or being denied entrance in your examination center:
Carry the NDA Admit Card positively along with a valid ID-proof, without which you are liable to being denied admission at the exam center.
Clipboard is allowed and you will also need to carry black ballpoint pens for marking the answer.
Sheets for doing any rough work is provided at the exam hall and need not be carried.
Any kind of books, notes, gadgets like calculators, mobile, geometrical drawing instruments, stencils, test booklet is not allowed.
The vigilance is very strict and if caught for resorting to any unfair means, strict actions are taken which can even include a ban from appearing in the exam in the future.
There are a total of 418 vacancies for NDA 1 2020 qualifiers in different departments and branches of the Indian Army.
|Course||Number of Vacancies|
|145th National Defence Academy (Indian Army)||208|
|145th National Defence Academy (Indian Navy)||42|
|145th National Defence Academy (Indian Air Force)||120|
|107th Indian Naval Academy Course||48|
The competition is extremely high with an average of 4,00,000 students applying every year and vacancies being approximately 400-450. Even though in an average 5000-6000 qualify tier-1 exam, eventually only as many as are required according to the vacancies get selected. Besides the last minute preparation for the Tier-1 test, to qualify you must also start with preparing physically and intellectually for Tier-2.
NDA SSB Interview
The selection process in the National Defense Academy is a two-stage process. Stage-1 is the written examination i.e. NDA I 2020 test and the stage-2 is the SSB interview stage
The complete recruitment process in the NDAs judged on the basis of marks scored out of 900 collectively in both the stages of recruitment.
After the declaration of NDA I 2020 Results, qualified candidates will have to register themselves at joinindianarmy.nic.in within two weeks.
Allotment of selection centres and dates will then be notified on the registered email ID.
SSB Interview comprises two stages- Stage 1 (OIR and PPDT) and Stage 2- (Interview, Group Tasks, Psychology Test, and Conference).
After stage-2 is completed, a final merit list is generated by the UPSC which gives the final recruited candidates.
After a personal interview round the eligible candidates will have to appear for the verification round. The qualified candidates must bring the required original documents along with 1 set of Photostat of the required documents at Services Selection Center (SSC).
Below is the set of required original documents to be carried for the NDA I 2020 Document Verification:
Proof of Identity (Pan card, Voter ID, Aadhar Card, etc.)
Passport Size Photographs
Category certificate for the Reserved category candidates
Proof of Residence
Medical examination is the final round in the Selection process. The candidates will be referred to the Board of Service Medical officers by the SSB for medical examination. Candidates shall be deemed eligible for recruitment if and only if they are found to be medically fit by the medical officers.
Ques. What is the eligibility criteria for NDA 1 2020?
Ans. There are various parameters on the basis of which the candidates’ eligibility is checked so that they can appear for the exam and are eligible for the further procedure.
As per the nationality standards set by UPSC for NDA I 2020, Candidates must have:
Ques. What is the pay package for NDA recruits?
Ans. During the training period, the cadet gets a stipend of INR 21,000 per month. After the training period is over, the salary can be from INR 15,600- 39,100 in hand in the initial stage.
Ques. Are personal laptops and mobiles allowed during NDA training?
Ans. During your training period at the academy, you are not allowed to take your personal mobile or laptop with you. Regular screening is done to find out if anyone has these accessories with them and strict punishments are implemented. Every cadet is given a Lenovo laptop from the academy on joining but the access and use of these laptops are kept very limited.
Ques. Can women apply for UPSC NDA?
Ans. No, only unmarried male candidates within the age of 16.5 to 19.5 years are eligible for applying for UPSC NDA.
Ques. Question: How to check my result and whether I have qualified the tier-1?
The tentative time for announcing the results of the tier-1 written test of NDA 1 2020 is in June 2020.
Ques. What are the necessary educational qualifications?
Ans. 1. For Army wing
Candidates must have passed class 12 or cleared the equivalent examination of the State Board to be eligible for NDA I 2020.
2. For Air Force or Naval wings and for 10+2 Cadet entry scheme at the Indian Naval Academy
Candidates must have passed 12th class with Physics and Mathematics as subjects or cleared the equivalent examination of the State Board to be eligible for NDA I 2020.
Candidates who are appearing in 12th class or equivalent examination of the State board are also eligible for NDA I 2020.
Ques. Can I give NDA exam after class 10th?
Ans. You cannot apply for the NDA exam after class 10. You have to be 12th pass which is the minimum qualification criteria to be met. Also, you must be minimum of 16.5 years and maximum of 19.5 years to apply.
Ques. What happens in the NDA physical exam?
Ans. There are several physical criteria that the candidate has to fulfill. After qualifying the test, the candidates are taken to several army medical centers for physical and medical checkups. In case a candidate fails the test, they are given TR for 45 days which is temporary rejection. They have to get fit in this time span and the medical tests will be done again. If they fail again, then PR or permanent rejection is done and the candidate loses the chance to get recruited this time. However, they can apply again next year.
Ques. What is the age limit for NDA 2020?
Ans. The age limit for NDA 2020 is between 16.5 years to 19.5 years. The candidate must be born between July 2, 2001 and July1, 2004 for NDA 1. For NDA 2, the candidate should be born between January 2, 2002 and January 1st, 2005.
Ques. What are the medical requirements for NDA?
Ans. The following spinal conditions render the candidate ineligible- Granulomatous disease of the spine, Arthritis/spondylosis & Miscellaneous disorders including SLE, polymyositis, vasculitis, Spondylolisthesis/spondylolysis, Compression fracture of vertebrae, Scoliosis more than 15 degrees as measured by Cobb’s method.
Visual Standards and other health criteria
Ques. What is the height limit of an NDA cadet?
Ans. The height limit is determined based on their age and the caste or class they belong to. The following are important height limit criteria that NDA Cadets must fulfill:
Ques. What is TES in NDA?
Ans. TES is Technical Entry Scheme which is another way to get recruited into the army as an Officer in NDA.
Ques. Can arts students join NDA?
Ans. Yes, art students can also join NDA. However, this is applicable only if you are looking forward to joining the army wing of NDA.
Ques. How to join Indian Army after 12th PCB?
Ans. You can join the Indian Army right after 12th through the NDA I and NDA II exams. The NDA exams are conducted twice a year. However, only unmarried male candidates within the age of 19.5 years can apply.
Ques. How much percentage do I require to go to NDA?
Ans. There is no minimum percentage required to apply for NDA as long as you pass the 10+2 exam.
Ques. What are the physical fitness staNDArds for NDA?
Ans. There are several specifications related to the height, weight, eyesight capacity, body tattoos, undesirable physical conditions, chest, shoulder, arms and leg measurements, spinal health, history of surgeries are certain important physical criteria that are all taken into consideration to set a detailed physical fitness staNDArd for NDA.
Ques. What is the post given after clearing NDA?
Ans. After clearing NDA, the cadets undergo 3 years of training at the Academy and when they graduate they have the post of Lieutenant.
Ques. Which is better, the Air Force or NDA?
Ans. For NDA as well as Air Force, you have to appear for the NDA exam and based on your choice and aptitude, you will be selected for NDA, INF and IAF. The decision of which is better depends on the candidate’s preference.
Ques. Is any fees required in order to join the NDA?
Ans. You do not have to pay any fees to join NDA. Once you are selected, the expenses are borne by the GOI. However, if you voluntarily quit or rusticated on disciplinary grounds, you have to pay back the expenses incurred till that point in multiples.
Ques. What is NDA army eyesight criteria?
Ans. The following is the detailed eyesight criteria for NDA-
Ques. Does NDA and NA conduct exams together all the time?
Ans. While the NDA and NA are two different places but the recruitment is done through a single exam. Irrespective of where you want to join, you have to apply for NDA and later select your preference.
Ques. How does one apply for SSB after NDA?
Ans. You do not have to apply for an SSB interview. Only after getting selected through the NDA exam, a candidate gets the call for an SSB interview. You cannot apply only for SSB.
Ques. Can I apply for the NDA 2 exams if I am 18 years old?
Ans. Yes, you can apply for the NDA 2 exam if you are 18 years old. The upper age limit is 19.5 years.
Ques. Is it possible for an NRI to join the Indian army?
Ans. If you have foreign citizenship, you cannot join the Indian army. However, an NRI with Indian passport and documents supporting his claim of Indian citizenship can apply for NDA.
Ques. Which GK books are best for the NDA?
Ans. The following are the best GK books for NDA-
Ques. How good is Lucent's GK book for NDA?
Ans. Lucent’s GK book is highly recommended for the preparation of the NDA exam.
Ques. Is there negative marking in the NDA exam?
Ans. Yes, for every wrong answer there is a 0.33 marks deduction. There will be no negative marking for unattempted questions.
Ques. Which is easier to crack, the NDA or the CDS?
Ans. The exam pattern is rather similar for NDA and CDS. But for NDA, the syllabus is at a school level and many people consider it much easier to crack than CDS whose syllabus is more advanced.
Ques. What are the best online sites to prepare for CDS?
Ans. Some of the best online sources to prepare for CDS include SSB crack videos, unacademy, prepp.in, and different free online tests.
Ques. Is the NDA and the CDS syllabus the same?
Ans. No, the NDA exam is at 10+2 level while the CDS exam is at graduation level and hence the syllabus also differs accordingly.
Ques. What is the best book for the NDA history exam?
Ans. For the NDA history exam, the NCERT history books from class VIII-XII are the best books to study.
Ques. How to correct my name on an NDA admit card?
Ans. In case there is any mistake in the spelling of your name, you have to contact NDA at the earliest with a copy of the application form where you had entered the correct spelling and get it rectified.
Ques. When will the NDA 1 2020 hall ticket be released?
Ans. Usually, the NDA admit card is released three weeks before the exam. Since the NDA I 2020 exam has been indefinitely postponed, the admit card is not yet released.
Ques. Are bags allowed in the NDA exam hall?
Ans. No, any belongings other than a pen, admit card and photo ID proof will not be allowed inside the exam hall.
Ques. Is a character certificate required for the NDA?
Ans. A character certificate form will be sent along with your call letter for the SSB interview and it has to be duly filled and submitted during document verification.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.