National Defence Academy or NDA exam is conducted twice every year to recruit new cadets for the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force. For NDA 2020, the aspirants have to meet certain educational as well as physical eligibility criteria.
Check NDA 2020 Selection Process
Aspirants planning to take the NDA 2 2020 exam, must ensure that they satisfy all the NDA eligibility criteria before they proceed to fill up the NDA 2 2020 application form.
All the candidates need to meet the criteria with regard to nationality to be eligible for application. To be eligible for NDA 2020, a candidate must be either one of the following:
A citizen of India
A subject of Nepal
A subject of Bhutan
A Tibetan refugee who moved to India, before January 1, 1962, with the intention of settling here permanently
A PIO (Person of Indian origin) is someone who has migrated from the countries specified below, with the intention of permanently settling in India. The nationals from the following countries would fall under this category.
East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania (Formerly Tanganyika and Zanzibar ), Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia
|DO NOTE: It must be noted that all the foreign nationals are required to produce a certificate of NDA eligibility criteria that has been issued by the Government of India. This certificate will however not be needed in case of those candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal.|
To know the detail information about the age limit of NDA exam, go through the following table:
15.7 years (not later than 1st January 2005)/ 16 years during the commencement of course
18.7 years (not earlier than 2nd January 2002)/ 19 years during the commencement of course
It should be clearly noted that only unmarried male candidates, who are not born earlier than July 2, 2002 and not later than July 1, 2005 are eligible to appear for NDA 1 Exam.
For NDA 2 2021, candidates must be born between January 2, 2003, and January 1, 2006.
Married candidates and female candidates are ineligible to apply for NDA Exam.
The date of birth mentioned in the application must be the same as that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate.
In short, candidates should be between the age of 16.5 years and 19.5 years to be eligible for the exam.
|Important: Any candidate who has been selected after qualifying the exam has to undertake not to marry for the duration of the training. Failure to observe this condition would cause the debarment of the candidate from NDA. Additionally, any charge incurred on him by the government is required to be refunded.|
The academic qualifications vary slightly according to the post that the candidate has applied for. The details of educational qualification for different posts are specified below:
For Army Wing of National Defence Academy: Pass certificate in 10+2 exams via recognized board or a University.
For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy: Candidates should have passed Class 12th exam in the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
It must be noted that candidates studying in Class 11 are not eligible for appearing in NDA 2020 1 or 2.
Those candidates who have failed INSB / PABT earlier will not be considered eligible for recruitment in the Air Force.
Those candidates, who are currently studying in Class 12 at the time of application, must submit proof of passing the exam by the deadline. Requests for extending the due date would not be entertained on any grounds.
It must also be noted that the candidates who have been debarred by the Ministry of Defence from holding any type of Commission in the Defence Services will be considered ineligible for admission to the exam.
There are certain requirements pertaining to the physical fitness or features that must be fulfilled by the candidate at the time of submitting NDA Application forms.
The NDA eligibility criteria would vary slightly according to the post for which the candidate is applying.
It must be understood that if a candidate has resigned or withdrawn from any of the training academies of the Armed Forces, on disciplinary grounds, he will not be considered eligible to apply for NDA 2020.
The required physical criteria are listed below.
The candidate must not be suffering from any of these minor conditions at the time of medical examination –
Deviated Nasal Septum
Hydrocele / Phimosis
Condition of Overweight / Underweight
Under Sized Chest
The candidate must ensure that any permanent body tattoos are present only on the inner side of the forearm.
Under no circumstances will UPSC accept tattoos on the inside of the elbow to the wrist and on the reverse side of the palm/back (dorsal) side of the hand.
Permanent body tattoos on any other part of the body are also not acceptable.
In case the candidate happens to belong to a tribe where it is customary to have tattoo marks on the face or body, acceptance will be granted on a case to case basis, considering the traditions involved. The decision of authorities would be final in such instances.
Army and Air Force
Candidates must note that the minimum height measurement specified is 157 cms (162.5 cms for Air Force).
For Gorkhas and those belonging to hills of the North-Eastern areas of India, Garhwal, and Kumaon, the minimum height will be 5 cms less than the usual figure.
On the other hand, for candidates belonging to the Lakshadweep islands, the minimum height standard may be reduced by 2 cms.
The details in this regard are discussed below.
|Height in cm||Weight in Kg|
|-||16-17 years||17-18 years||18-19 years|
The standards are different for Navy posts and the particulars are summarized below:
|Height in cm||Weight in Kg|
|-||16 years||18 years||20 years|
In case the candidate wishes to be pilot in the Air Force, the following requirements will have to be kept in mind, due to constraints of the flying vehicle:
Leg Length: Minimum of 99 cms and Maximum of 120 cms
Thigh Length: Minimum is not applicable while Maximum of 64 cms
Sitting Height: Minimum of 81.50 cms and Maximum of 96 cms
Presence of any of these conditions will disqualify the candidate immediately:
Granulomatous disease of the spine
Arthritis/spondylosis (Rheumatoid arthritis and allied disorders / Ankylosing spondylitis / Osteoarthritis, spondylosis and degenerative joint disease / Non-articular rheumatism (e.g. lesions of the rotator cuff, tennis elbow, recurrent lumbago, etc.) & Miscellaneous disorders including SLE, polymyositis, vasculitis.
Spondylolisthesis / spondylolysis.
Compression fracture of vertebrae.
SC Heuerman’s disease (Adolescent kyphosis)
Loss of cervical lordosis when associated with clinically restricted movements of the cervical spine.
Unilateral / Bilateral cervical ribs with demon stable neurological or circulatory deficit.
Scoliosis is more than 15 degrees as measured by Cobb’s method.
Degenerative Disc. Disease.
Presence of Schmorl’s nodes at more than one level.
Atlanto-occipital and atlantoaxial anomalies.
Hemi vertebrae and/or incomplete block (fused) vertebrae at any level in cervical, dorsal or lumbar spine and complete block (fused) vertebrae at more than one level in cervical or dorsal spine.
Unilateral Sacralisation or lumbarisation (Complete or incomplete) at all levels and bilateral incomplete sacralisation or lumbarisation.
Any other abnormality if so considered by the specialist.
There will be a separate presence of any of the following conditions will disqualify the applicant for posts of Armed Forces:
Granulomatous disease of the spine.
Arthritis / spondylosis
Scoliosis is more than 15 degrees as measured by Cobb’s Method (10 degrees for Army and Navy).
More than mild Kyphosis/Lordosis
Spondylolisthesis / Spondylosis / Spondylolysis
Herniated nucleus pulposus.
Compression fracture of Vertebra.
Cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or Circulatory deficit.
Presence of Schmorl’s node at more than one level.
Atlanto-occipital and atlanto-axial anomalies.
Incomplete Sacralisation Unilateral or Bilateral
Spina Bifida other than SV 1 and LV 5 if completely Sacralised
Any other abnormality, if so considered by specialist
The distance vision (corrected) of the candidate should be 6/6 in the better eye and 6/9 in the worse eye.
Myopia should not be more than 2.5 D and hypermetropia not more than 3.5 D, including Astigmatism.
It must be remembered that an internal examination of the eye will be done by means of an ophthalmoscope to rule out any possibility of eye diseases.
Candidates must possess good binocular vision. The colour vision standard for the Army is (CP-III).
The ability to recognize red and green colours is vital.
Certificate that neither the candidate nor any member of his family has suffered from congenital night blindness, will have to be produced.
Another noteworthy point is that candidates who have undergone Radial Keratotomy, to improve their visual acuity, or Laser Surgery, will be permanently rejected for all Services.
Check NDA Mock Test for practicing mock tests and sample papers free of cost.
The details of eyesight levels for different posts are provided below:
|Uncorrected without glass||6/6||6/6, 6/9|
|Corrected with glass||6/6||6/6 (only for Hypermetropia)|
|Limits of Myopia||-0.75||Nil|
|Limits of Hypermetropia||+1.5||+2.00 D Sph|
|Limits of Colour Perception||I||Nil|
|Manifest Myopia||N.A.||Nil Re|
|Colour Vision||N.A.||CP-I (MLT)|
|Astigmatism||N.A.||+0.75 Cyl (within + 2.0 D.Max)|
|Near Vision||N.A.||N-5 each eye|
Vision standard for Army candidates
Distance Vision (Corrected)
Better Eye 6/6; Worse Eye 6/9
CP-III (Defective Safe).
Myopia should be less than -2.5D including astigmatism and manifest
hypermetropia should be less than +3.5D including Astigmatism.
There are a few other physical conditions besides the above-mentioned criteria that candidates should fulfill. These criteria are specific to specific wings of defence forces.
No symptoms of a weak constitution or bodily defects.
A well-developed chest; fully expanded chest should not be less than 81cms. The minimum range of expansion after full inspiration should be 5 cms.
No mal-development or impairment of the function of the bones or joints.
No past history of mental breakdown or fits.
Normal hearing capabilities - Candidate should be able to hear a forced whisper with each ear at a distance of 610 cms. in a quiet room.
No impediment of speech.
Normal Blood Pressure with no signs of functional or organic disease of the heart and blood vessels.
No enlargement of liver or spleen.
No abnormality in urine examination
No presence of any kind of skin disease, likely to cause disability or disfigurement
No abnormalities in USG abdomen examination
A sufficient number of natural and sound teeth. A minimum of 14 dental points will be accepted.
Routine ECG for Air Force candidates must fall within normal limits.
Question: Which is the best stream to study for NDA?
Ans. Any male candidate from any stream can apply for the NDA 2020 exam. However, to get selected for the Air Force and Navy, the candidate must have studied class 11-12 with a physics and mathematics combination.
Question: What is the training period after NDA?
Ans. The training period in NDA, Khadakwasla is three years after which Army cadets will be sent to IMA for 1 year, Air force Cadets to Air Force Academy for 1 year, and Naval Cadets to Naval Academy for 1 year.
Question: What are the minimum marks required for applying for NDA?
Ans. The candidate should acquire the minimum pass marks for class 12 to apply for NDA.
Question: How many times can a candidate apply for the exam?
Ans. There is no limit to the number of times you can apply for the exam as long as you are between the age of 16.5 to 19.5 years.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.