HPSC (Haryana Public Service Commission) Exam Pattern 2021

Updated On -

Jun 16, 2021

The first step to start with when preparing for HCS (Executive Branch) and Allied Services Exam is getting acquainted with the exam pattern, syllabus and marking scheme. This will help in chalking out how to study and what to study, hence making it easier to proceed with the preparation process. The HPSC Haryana Civil Service exam has been modelled on the lines of UPSC. The exam is a paper-based test, in offline mode. There have been some minor changes in the exam format which have been discussed later in this article.

Crash Course

HPSC HCS 2021 Exam Pattern Highlights

The HCS exam has 3 stages for final selection, namely, Preliminary exam, Mains Exam and Personal Interview. Candidates qualifying in Preliminary exam will appear for Mains exam. Thereafter, candidates are called for interview round and the final selection is done.

  • Stage I – Preliminary test is only qualifying in nature and consists of two papers.
  • Stage II – Mains exam has five papers to be attempted.
  • Papers are objective as well as subjective in nature.
  • For every incorrect answer, the aspirants will get marks deduction.

Click HPSC HCS Exam Dates 2021 to get all the latest information on the updated exam schedule.

HPSC HCS Exam: Prelims Test Pattern

  • There will be two papers, each of 100 marks.
  • Questions will be objective MCQ based.
  • Each paper will have to be completed within 2 hours.
  • For every wrong answer, ¼th of marks, i.e. 0.25 will be deducted.
  • Question papers will be asked in two languages, that is in Hindi and English.
Paper Subjects Total no. Of Questions Total Marks Exam Duration
I General Studies 100 100 2 hours
II CSAT 100 100 2 hours

As mentioned earlier, some changes have been approved in the exam pattern of HPSC HCS. Upcoming 2020 exam will be held on the basis of these modifications.

  • Paper-II – CSAT, the aptitude paper which was introduced in 2016, from now onwards will be of qualifying nature only.
  • At least 33% of marks must be obtained in CSAT.
  • Provisional selection for Mains will be based on Paper I only, provided 33% is scored in Paper-II.
  • Previously, the selection was based on the score procured in both the papers.

HPSC HCS 2021 Exam Pattern: Mains

  • Total of 5 papers has to be attempted by the candidates in the HCS Mains examination.
  • First 3 papers are compulsory in nature and Papers IV & V are optional; candidates can choose the subjects for these two papers.
  • Papers will have questions of conventional nature.
  • Each paper will be for 3 hours.
  • The Interview round worth 75 marks is also a part of this test.
  • Final selection is made on the basis of marks scored out of 675.
Papers Subjects Total Marks Duration
I English 100 3 hours for each paper
II Hindi (in Devanagari script) 100
III General Studies 100
IV Optional Paper 150
V Optional Paper 150
Total marks in Mains exam 600
Personality Test 75
Total marks in Mains + Personality Test 675
Prelims Syllabus

HPSC HCS 2021 Exam: Syllabus for Prelims

Paper I – General Studies

  • General Science: Including knowledge on concepts of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
  • Current Affairs: Recent happenings in India and the World.
  • History of India & Indian National Movement
  • Indian and World Geography
  • Indian Polity and Economy: Constitution of India and Economic development in the country, basic concepts of Economics.
  • General Mental Ability: testing reasoning and analytical abilities.
  • Haryana- Social, economic and cultural institutions, Economy and people; and language of Haryana.
Relevant Links of HPSC
Exam Centre Admit Card Exam Updates

Paper-II – Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT)

  • Reading comprehension
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • Interpersonal skills, including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (Class 10 level)
  • Data interpretation (Class 10 level)
Mains Syllabus

Syllabus for HPSC HCS 2021 Mains Exam

Paper I: English

  • Precise writing
  • Comprehension skills
  • Essay
  • Word usage and vocabulary
  • General Grammar knowledge
  • Composition or Essay

Paper-II: Hindi

  • Translation of English passage to Hindi
  • Letter or precise writing
  • Explanation of Hindi passage (with reference to poetry or prose)
  • Composition (idioms, proverbs, etc.)
  • Essay (choice of topics will be given)

Paper III: General Studies (This paper is divided into 2 parts)

Part 1

  • History of Modern India & Indian culture
  • Geography of India
  • Indian Polity
  • Current national issues and topics of social relevance

Part 2

  • India and the World
  • Indian Economy
  • Developments in the fields of science and technology, communication and space
  • Statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams

Paper IV and V

A list of 23 subjects is given by HPSC to the applicants to choose their optional papers:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Service
  3. Botany
  4. Chemistry
  5. Civil Engineering
  6. Commerce and Accountancy
  7. Economics
  8. Electrical Engineering
  9. English Literature
  10. Geography
  11. Hindi Literature
  12. Indian History
  13. Law
  14. Mathematics
  15. Mechanical Engineering
  16. Physics
  17. Political Science and International Relations
  18. Psychology
  19. Public Administration
  20. Punjabi Literature
  21. Sociology
  22. Sanskrit Literature
  23. Zoology

However, the following combination of subjects are not allowed to be chosen together

  • Political science and International relations with Public Administration.
  • Agriculture with Animal husbandry and veterinary service.
  • Hindi literature, English literature, Sanskrit literature and Punjabi literature.
  • Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Electrical Engineering.


Ques. What is the marking scheme in the HPSC HCS exam?

Ans. In HCS Prelims questions being objective in nature, will carry 1 mark each. All papers in Mains exam will comprise subjective questions, each carrying marks ranging up to 30.

Ques. Is there any negative marking in HCS exam?

Ans. Yes, in preliminary exam 0.25 marks will be deducted for any wrong answer.

Ques. What are the qualifying marks for HCS exam?

Ans. As per the new rules, to qualify for HCS Mains examination the cut-off marks as decided by HPSC must be acquired. Cut off will be based on Paper I as Paper-II will be of qualifying nature only. However, 33% of marks must be secured in CSAT Paper.

3 Months Crash Course

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.


barkha singh
Hello As you discuss about the the two optional. But there we fill Only single subject. Please clear this topic for better understanding. And also provide main optional subject (150+150) syllabus.
shivangi srivastava

Haryana Civil Service (HCS) exam consists of about 23 optional subjects for the students to choose from. The candidates need to opt for two optional subjects from a list of 23 optional subjects. Basically, sociology is the best optional subject in this case, whereas philosophy has the shortest syllabus.

Good evening . I am facing problem in filling form. I have my graduation marks in cgpa . What to do please guide me
diya suresh

You can apply in online mode at the official webiste once the registration window is open. Ensure to use a valid e-mail id and mobile number as all communication is done through the same. Try to fill all details accurately as form once submitted cannot edited. You can enter graduation marks in the space provided for the same. Find more details at HPSC Application Process.

pooja indaura
same question, how to fill graduation marks , we cannot calculate marks . we can only calculate percentage , and from percentage we can't calculate marks bcz we dont know maximum marks also, plz help
manisha malik

I can understand your concern. But every institute in India will have different maximum marks in the total graduation. Hence, you can write down your marks in the form of percentage or GPA. By multiplying your GPA by 9.5, you will get your percentage. 

priya bansal
Do we have to chose two optional or just one optional which will be having 2 papers? Or anthropology involves as an optional in hcs exams?
diya suresh

Hi Priya, For HPSC Mains exam, there will be total 5 papers out of which 3 is compulsory and you have option to choose the subject for rest 2 papers. There are around 23 subjects to choose from for paper 4 and 5 but unfortunateky anthropology is not available in the list. Find more subjects and other related details at HPSC exam pattern.

rajnish kumari
What is age limit of sdm post
gurpreet singh

HI Rajnish

The upper age limit to apply for this exam is 42. There are different age required for different post and there is some relaxation for the reserved category. You can visit on our official website of HPSC Eligibility.

Pre paper solved paper dalo
diya suresh

Hi Kailash, Click here to get solved mock test papers for HPSC. To qualify you need to attempt 3 exams namely prelims, mains and personality test. The mock test allows you to get an idea of the pattern of questions asked in the exam.

koyena biswas
What is the exam pattern of the HPSC exam?
jaya garg

Hi Koyena. The HPCS Preliminary Exam consists of two papers MCQ type papers. The exam would be of a total of 200 marks. To check out the detailed exam pattern of HPSC exam, refer here.