BPSC (Bihar Public Service Commission) 2021 Syllabus

Updated On -

Jun 10, 2021

The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) is a competitive exam used by the State of Bihar, it is similar to the IAS examination. The syllabus for the BPSC exam is curated by the Bihar Public Service Commission, which aids the government in various areas including recruitment. Also, check the BPSC Exam Dates to get the updated exam schedule. 

Crash Course

The exam is conducted through a Prelims, Mains, and Interview. The details of each are detailed below:

Exam Details
Prelims 1 Paper
2 Hours
` 150 marks
Objective Type
Mains 4 papers (1 qualifying + 3 ranking papers)
3 Hours each
900 marks (300 each)
Subjective Type
Interview 120 Marks

BPSC Prelims 2021

BPSC Prelims is an examination that is used to create a Merit List for the candidates eligible for the BPSC Mains. The marks in this exam will not be relevant to the candidate’s position in the Final Merit List.

BPSC Prelims tests the general knowledge of the candidate’s in a variety of areas. The main sections included are:- General Science, Events of National and International Importance, History of Bihar and Indian History, Geography, Geography of Bihar, Indian Polity and Economy, Changes in the Economy of Bihar Post-Independence, Indian National Movement and the Role of Bihar, and General Mental Ability.

  • The majority of the topics tested in this paper will not require specialized information of any subject.
  • General Science questions will cover a general, observational understanding of science that does not require specialized knowledge in any specific field of science.
  • The History section will test the candidate’s understanding of the general knowledge of history with importance given to the history, social environment, and political landscape of Bihar.
  • Geography and Geography of Bihar will include questions pertaining to the agricultural and natural resources of India.
  • Questions on Indian Polity and Economy will test the candidate’s knowledge of the country’s political system Panchayati raj, community development, and planning in India as well as in Bihar.
  • Indian National Movement section will test candidates knowledge in the nature of the nineteenth century, the growth of nationalism and achievement of Independence as well as the role of Bihar in India’s freedom movement.
BPSC Mains 2021

BPSC Mains 2021

BPSC Mains are made up of 4 separate papers,i.e., 1 General Hindi Paper, 2 General Studies Papers, and 1 Optional Subject Paper. The detailed syllabus of each Paper are as follows:

General Hindi

This is a compulsory paper that tests the candidate’s knowledge in basic Hindi up to a secondary school level. The test is for a total of 100 marks, the aspirant must score a minimum of 30 marks to qualify. The detailed marks distribution includes:

  • Essay: 30 Marks
  • Grammar: 30 Marks
  • Syntax: 25 Marks
  • Summarisation: 15 Marks

Note: The marks of the General Hindi paper will not be considered while calculating the final rank as it is only a qualifying paper.

Recommended Books

Any High School level textbook will suffice to prepare for this paper as the level of skill required is not very high. NCERT Text Books from Class 6 – 12th are recommended.

General Studies 1

This is the paper where the BPSC exam actually starts as the previous papers are only qualifiers. General Studies 1 will cover the following areas of study:- Indian Culture, Modern History of India, Contemporary Events of National and International Importance, and Statistical Analysis, Diagrams, and Graphs.

  • Indian Culture: this section will include questions about the broad history of the country (with special focus to Bihar) from approximately the mid-nineteenth century.
  • Modern History of India: questions in this section will cover the introduction and expansion of western education (including technical education), Bihar’s role in the freedom struggle of India, the Santhal Uprising, 1857 in Bihar, the Birsa movement, Champaran Satyagrah, the Quit India Movement 1942, features of Mauryan and Pal art and Patna Qulam painting, as well as questions on Gandhi, Tagore, and Nehru.
  • Current Events of National and International Importance
  • Statistical Analysis, Diagrams, and Graphs: this section holds exercises to test the candidate’s ability to make common-sense conclusions from information that is statistical, graphical, or diagrammatic form and their ability to identify deficiencies, limitations or inconsistencies in it.

BPSC 2021: Recommended Books

  • India’s Ancient Past – R.S. Sharma.
  • History Of Medieval India – Satish Chandra
  • History Of Modern India – Bipan Chandra.
  • India’s Struggle For Independence – Bipan Chandra. (For Mains only)
  • The Wonder That Was India – A.L. Basham (Ancient India and Culture)
  • Indian Art and Culture – Nitin Singhania
  • A Brief History of Modern India – Spectrum

General Studies 2

General Studies 2 awards a total of 33 marks. The paper will cover the following areas of study:- Indian Polity, Indian Economy and Geography of India, and The Role and Impact of Science and Technology in the Development of India.

  • Indian Polity: this section will mainly test the aspirant’s knowledge in the current political system in India (with emphasis on Bihar).
  • Indian Economy and Geography of India: questions pertaining to planning in India as well as the physical, economic, and social geography of India (with emphasis on Bihar).
  • Role and Impact of Science and Technology in the Development of India

BPSC 2021: Recommended Books

  • Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations – M. Laxmikanth. (ESSENTIAL FOR UPSC)
  • Introduction to the Constitution of India – D. D. Basu (only for Mains)
  • Indian Economy – Ramesh Singh.
  • Science and Technology in India – Ravi P Agrahari.
  • Read NCERT textbooks for Science and Technology topics selectively, follow Current Affairs
  • Questions on Indian Economy are linked with Current Affairs
BPSC Optional Subject

One Optional Subject

One Optional Subject is also compulsory for all candidates. There are 34 available Optional Subjects. The main syllabus topics for each are as follows:

  • English Language and Literature
  • Hindi Language and Literature
  • Urdu Language and Literature
  • Arabic Language and Literature
  • Persian Language and Literature
  • Maithili Language and Literature
  • Pali Language and Literature
  • Sanskrit Language and Literature
  • Sociology
  • Bangla Language and Literature
  • Chemistry
  • Agriculture
  • Physics
  • Botany
  • Statistics
  • Philosophy
  • Zoology
  • Psychology
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Labour and Social Welfare
  • Public Administration
  • Mathematics
  • Management
  • Geology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Economics
  • History
  • Law
  • Civil Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Anthropology
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

Recommended Books

  • Medieval By J.L.Mehta
  • Wren & Martin [English Grammar]
  • N.C.E.R.T.History [Std. xi & STD Xii]
  • B.L.Growers [Gandhi & Sub hash]
  • R.S.Agarwal [Arithmetic]
  • Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation by Arun Sharma
  • A Brief Introduction to Indian Constitution by Xaviers Pinto
  • Essential of Grammar- Oxford Publications
  • Basic Level Mathematics- Part 1 and Part 2 by Goyal Brothers
  • D.D.Kausambis historical outline book for ancient India
  • Upkars Today General Knowledge by Khanna and Verma
  • R.S. Agrawal book for aptitude
BPSC Interview

BPSC 2021: Interview Test

Candidates who qualify through the BPSC examination will then be asked to attend an Interview Test for the respective position desired. This is to test the suitability of the candidate for the job. Aspirants must be thorough with the current affairs happening both within and outside their state. The Mental and Analytical qualities of the aspirant will also be tested.

3 Months Crash Course

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.


surabhi s
All the state PSCs have their own syllabus. If I prepare for the UPSC would I be able to crack the BPSC, RPSC and the MPSC?
kavita rani

Hi Surabhi. Most of these exams have almost the same syllabus. Hence, the preparation remains almost the same; however, ensure that you know state specific content and is well-versed with the latest pattern of questioning. Refer to the official websites to know more about the same.