GATE Vs CSIR UGC NET: Know the Difference in Eligibility, Stipend, Exam Pattern here

Updated On -

Oct 15, 2020

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Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research National Eligibility Test (CSIR NET) examinations are one of the most popular competitive examinations in the field of research and securing jobs. GATE and CSIR NET scores of candidates are beneficial for students seeking admission in top colleges and universities of India including seven IITs and well-recognized CSIR Educational Institutes. 

The national level examinations are conducted for various fields and objectives for science students. Read below the difference between GATE and CSIR UGC NET examination based on their Eligibility Criteria, Examination Pattern, Stipend, and JRF opportunities.

Also Check: CSIR UGC NET 2020 Exam Date, Form Correction, Registration, Eligibility, Pattern & Cutoff

GATE Vs CSIR UGC NET: What are the differences? 


  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a national level examination that is conducted on the behalf of top IITs of India such as Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Guwahati, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Madras, and IIT Roorkee. 
  • The examination is conducted all around the country for M.Tech, MA, and MArch program admission. 
  • GATE score is applicable in different recruitment examinations under Help Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs). GATE also offers admission to various Ph.D. programs in the Art and Science branch. 


  • Industrial Research National Eligibility Test (CSIR NET) is also conducted on a national platform with the assistance of the National Testing Agency (NTA). The CSIR NET score of the candidates determines their ability to apply for the post of Assistant Professor in various colleges and universities of India. 
  • Help Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) recruit candidates on the basis of their CSIR NET score. Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) qualifies the CSIR candidates for training in different methods of research in universities and national laboratories of various IITs and Government colleges in India. 

Also Check: CDS 2 Admit card released

GATE Vs CSIR UGC NET: Exam Pattern, Syllabus and Eligibility Criteria 

GATE and CSIR UGC NET examinations are conducted for the science stream students in various sectors. To know more about their eligibility criteria and exam pattern differences, check the comparison table below:

GATE Vs CSIR UGC NET: Eligibility Criteria 

GATE Eligibility Criteria 

CSIR NET Eligibility Criteria 

Education: Students having a degree in Engineering, Technology, Architecture, Science, Commerce, and Art Stream can apply for the examination.

Education: Students must have a degree in any of these: B.Tech, BE, B.Pharma, MBBS, BS, BS-MS (Integrated) with a minimum of 55%. 

Age Limit: There is no age bad for interested applicants.

Age Limit: Candidates need to be under the 28 year age bar to apply for the examination.

For lectureships, there is no age bar specified for interested candidates

Also Check: CSIR NET 2020 Exam Pattern, Subject-wise Marking Scheme, Question Papers & Books

GATE Vs CSIR UGC NET: Exam Pattern

GATE Exam Pattern

CSIR NET Exam Pattern

Exam mode: Online

Exam mode: Online

Duration: 3 hours

Duration: 3 hours

Number of subjects (papers): 27

Number of subjects (papers): 5

Number of sections in Paper: 2

Number of sections in Paper: 3

Type of questions: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), Multiple Select Questions (MCQs), Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions

Type of Questions: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

Total number of Questions: 65 

Total number of Questions: 55-75 

GATE Vs CSIR UGC NET: Subjects Covered 

GATE Subjects: The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) covers a total of 27 subjects from different fields such as: 

  • Aerospace, Agricultural, Architecture, and Planning
  • Bio-medical, Biotechnology
  • Civil, Chemical, Computer Science and Information Technology, Chemistry
  • Electronics and Communication, Electrical, Environmental Science & Engineering, Ecology, and Evolution
  • Geology and Geophysics
  • Instrumentation Engineering
  • Mathematics, Mechanical, Mining, Metallurgical
  • Petroleum, Physics, Production, and Industrial
  • Statistics, Textile Engineering, and Fibre Science, Engineering Sciences
  • Humanities & Social Sciences and Life Sciences

CSIR NET Subjects: Industrial Research National Eligibility Test (CSIR NET) covers a total of 5 different subjects in the paper which are;

  • Chemical Sciences
  • Earth, Atmospheric, Ocean and Planetary Sciences
  • Life Sciences
  • Mathematical Sciences
  • Physical Sciences

GATE Vs CSIR UGC NET: Validity of Scores, JRF Opportunities, and Stipend

The difference between GATE and CSIR NET based on the validity period of their score and stipend provided is given in the table below:

GATE Vs CSIR NET Validity of Scores

GATE Validity of Scores

CSIR NET Validity of Scores

Masters Program: GATE score validity is three years for admission in PG programs (masters). 

PSUs: For PSUs, the authority only considers the latest GATE score of the candidate

Admission: CSIR NET score is valid for two years for admission in different programs and recruitment. 

Lectureship: There is no validity for using the CSIR NET score in Lectureship Certifications.

GATE Vs CSIR NET: Stipend Differences

GATE Stipend

CSIR NET Stipend

M.Tech: GATE qualifying students can pursue a career in M.Tech and earn up to INR 12,400 per month. 

Ph.D.: For Ph.D. candidates, the stipend can range up to INR 25,000 to INR 28,000 per month, depending on their qualifications and abilities. 

JRF: CSIR NET Candidates who are selected for JRF earn up to INR 31,000 per month for the first two years. 

After the successful completion of 2 years, INR 35,000 per month is increased in the stipend.

Also Check: CSIR UGC NET 2020 Question Papers, Sample Papers, and Mock Tests

GATE Vs CSIR UGC NET: JRF Opportunities Differences


Candidates after successfully cracking the GATE examination get admission in Ph.D. programs offered by the top Colleges and Universities of India. Candidates who score the highest GATE scores are eligible to be awarded JRF in CSIR Laboratories.


Candidates who successfully scored good CSIR NET scores are also eligible for the JRF award in top colleges and IIT universities of India. The candidates are also eligible to apply in well established and CSIR recognized government and private industrial firms.

Check CSIR UGC Latest News Here

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.