prepp logo
How to Prepare General Awareness for SSC CGL 2020?

Updated On -

Mar 5, 2020

Aarushi Kalra's profile photo

Aarushi Kalra

Exams Prep Master

Unlike other sections of SSC CGL Tier I, the general awareness section doesn’t require any calculations and thus, is the least time-consuming section. SSC CGL  Tier I consists of 4 sections – General Intelligence and Reasoning, General Awareness/ General knowledge, Quantitative Aptitude and English Comprehension. The procedure of the exam consists of three stages:

  • Tier-I
  • Tier-II
  • Tier-III

Tier I exam will be conducted from March 3, 2020- March 9, 2020. SSC CGL 2020 admit card has already been released on the official website. The section includes 25 questions with each question carrying 2 marks. General Awareness is considered as a make or break section by many aspirants. This article will provide thorough details about subtopics of main subjects included in GA section, marks distribution, topic-wise recommended books. In the later part of the article we will discuss some preparation strategies that can be taken into account wile preparing for the General Awareness section of SSC CGL 2020.

How GA can Improve your Marks in SSC CGL Tier I ?

One needs to focus on GA as much as Reasoning and Quantitative aptitude. Here's why General Awareness can take a CGL aspirants to a safer spot if taken seriously:

  • More marks in less time: Since it is less calculation based, you can attempt the entire GA section quickly. Even if you prepare science and technology, sports and current affairs nicely, you can look forward to to score at least 20 marks.
  • Less chance to score negative marks: Again, since there is nothing to solve in General Awareness questions, you will always know whether you know the response or not. This means there is no chance that you will knowingly mark an answer wrong.

Read SSC CGL Paper Analysis 

Preparation Strategy for General Awareness for SSC CGL 2020

The General Awareness segment of SSC CGL Tier I exam can be a scoring section and a step between getting good and average score in CGL 2020, provided the answers are given appropriately.

Preparation Strategy
  • The first footstep toward GA preparation is to make a list of topic from each of the categories mentioned in the article and assess your knowledge in each category, with evaluation of your current familiarity about the topics, you can plan your preparation accordingly.
  • In case of Science, the best move is to revise all that was studied in school and understand each concept. If your concept is clear, you would find it easier to memorize the topics.
  • In case of static GK there is a need to revise on a regular basis because it does not involve concepts and you need to memorize the information. Also, it has been observed by many SSC CGLE toppers over the past years that previous year examination papers prove to be great help when preparing for General Awareness section.

Also Check SSC CGL Coaching Centers 

Subtopics and Marks Distribution

The subtopics of main subjects with their marks distribution can be found in the following table:

Marks Distribution
Subject Subtopics Marks Distribution
Culture 8-14
Indian History
General Knowledge Geography
Science Biology 4-8
Physics and Space Science
Computer and Mobile Tech.
Diseases, Pollution
Others Current Affairs 3-6
Important Dates, Portfolios, Schemes
Sports, People in News, Books etc.

Subject-Wise Important Topics

Important Topics & Books


Before you pick a book to start memorizing the facts, one must know what to focus on in Science. CGL includes questions that consists of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Thus one must follow very important topics first as this subject is vast and can mislead as a time consuming subject.

  1. Important topics: Gravity, Work, Pressure, Units of Measurement, Sound, Heat, Magnetism, Electronics
  2. Books recommended: NCERT textbooks of Science from class 6 to 10 are the best source.
  1. Important topics: Uses, Common Names and Composition of Various Chemicals, Alloys, Definition Based Questions (Heat, Oxidation, Reduction etc.), SI units, Chemical Change & Physical Change, Chemistry in Everyday life
  2. Books recommended: NCERT textbooks of Science from class 6 to 10 are enough for the questions included from Chemistry.
  1. Important topics: Parts of Plant & their Functions, Parts of Human Body & their Functions, Basics of Animal Kingdom, Diseases, Prevention & Cure, Nutrients & Deficiency Diseases
  2. Books recommended: NCERT textbooks of Science from class 6 to 10, as CGLE includes simpler questions from this part of subject.

Also Read SSC CGL 2020 Exam Pattern


Similar to General Science, History is also vast with subdivision in Ancient History, Medieval History and Modern History. One of the most important tip to keep in mind is that revising what one has studied during the school time is enough for this part of general awareness but if someone wants to learn more on these, one can find the recommended  books for each of the type mentioned below.

Ancient History
  1. Important Topics: Indus Valley Civilization, Buddhism & Jainism, Post-Mauryan Kingdoms, The Gupta Period, The Mauryans
  2. Books Recommended: NCERT textbook for Social Science Class 7 to 10, India’s Ancient Past by R. S. Sharma
Medieval History
  1. Important Topics: Establishment & Expansion of the Delhi Sultanate, Religious Movements in the Fifteenth & Sixteenth Centuries, Mughal Dynasty, Later Mughals, The Maratha State
  2. Books Recommended: NCERT textbook for Social Science Class 7 to 10, Medieval India by Satish Chandra
Modern History
  1. Important Topics: European Penetration & British Conquest of India, Major Battles, Social & Cultural Awakening in India, The Great Revolt of 1857, Indian National Congress, Nationalist Movement, 1905-1918: Growth of Militant Nationalism, Struggle for Swaraj - I, 1919 – 1927, Struggle for Swaraj - II, 1927- 1947, Governor-Generals of India, Indian Princely States
  2. Books Recommended: NCERT textbook for Social Science Class 7 to 10, Modern History by Bipin Chandra


One can practice Geography using maps, thus you can easily remember about all ports in India and similarly about soil types.

Important Topics Movement Of Earth, Winds Soils In India, Interior Of Earth, Ocean & Ocean Currents, Agriculture In India, Latitudes & Longitudes, Volcanoes & Earthquakes, Transportation In India, Solar System, Habitats, Mineral Resources In India, Atmosphere, Physical Features Of India, Forests In India, All you need to know about States of India, Rivers In India, World Geo. Facts I.E. Continents in the World.
Recommended Books​ NCERT textbook for Social Science Class 7 to 10 and for Geography Class 11, 12

Check SSC CGL Reservation Criteria


One must only follow the important topics that have been mentioned below as this is not a well asked section in SSC CGL.

Important Topics Framing Of The Constitution, President, Governor, Sources Of Indian Constitution, Vice President, Vidhan Sabha, Schedules & Parts Of Indian Constitution, Attorney General Of India, Vidhan Parishad, Chief Ministers, Comptroller Auditor General, Panchayats, Citizenship, Lok Sabha, Parliamentary Funds, Article 370, Rajya Sabha, Supreme Court, Emergency In India, Bills, High Court, Commissions, Prime Minister & Cabinet Ministers, Writs.
Recommended Books The most vital book on this topic is Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth. You can also attempt to resolve questions in NIOS study material and Lucent books.


Topics ranging from Population Census to Union Budget. Other important topics include Demonetization and Economic Survey, Important Books & Writers, Oscar Winners, First in Sports for India and World like First Olympics, First Asian Games etc., Famous Sea Ports, Airports and their locations, State Animals and Symbols, Important Institutions of India and World & their locations (like BRICS, World Bank, IMF and RBI etc.), Indian Art & Culture, Awards & their Significance, Nobel Laureates & their Fields.

Recommended Books Lucent’s GK book is more than adequate to tackle the miscellaneous topics.
Computer & Mobile Technology Development of Computers, Input & Output Devices, Memory, Abbreviations

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.