Arithmetic Reasoning in SSC CGL

Updated On -

Jun 30, 2017

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Shivani Tiwari

Content Curator

Arithmetic Reasoning is one of the most important topics of Logical Reasoning. Spread over the section in majority, students cannot escape the topic while getting shortlisted for the next level. Over the years, owing to the changes in SSC CGL Test Pattern and weightage of topics comprising, we have observed erratic changes in Arithmetic Reasoning. Let’s take a quick look at the topic

  • Total Questions expected from Arithmetic Reasoning: 3-5
  • Level of questions: Secondary
  • Methodology involved: Logical yet conceptual

Reasoning test observes your mental as well as problem solving ability. SSC CGL Arithmetic Reasoning is not a numerical skill in which you can simply mug up a formula and solve those questions by applying the formula. You have to prepare yourself well to answer these questions.

When we talk about SSC arithmetic reasoning, 20-25 questions can fetch you 40 above marks through daily practice and by common sense. If you ardently practice daily, you can very easily score high marks in this section.

When you start your preparation, certain questions come to your mind, that how you can crack the exam with out taking any coaching or guidance?

Read More About SSC CGL

Weightage over the years

Year Number of questions
2010 4
2011 4
2012 11
2013 5
2014 10
2015 7
2016 5

Type of Questions asked in the exam

Below are mentioned some of the most important topics that should be practiced on daily basis in order to score good marks.

The topics covered under Arithmetic Reasoning in the exam are-

  • Questions based on BODMAS
  • Interchanging of Signs and Numbers
  • Calculative and Formulae based questions

Challenges Faced by students 

Students are not able to focus on their strong concepts. They lack time management skills and they see solving of reasoning problems as a time consuming process. The syllabus needs to be revised regularly.

Tips and Tricks to solve Arithmetic Reasoning

Solving the arithmetic questions can get very tricky unless you have practiced to the core. In addition to solving the sample test papers, every student must prepare at least 100 reasoning questions everyday. In this way, you will be able to solve innumerable questions before your actually appear for the exam. Gradually, you will start devising your own tricks of tackling the difficult reasoning questions. Lets device a strategy that can give you an impetus that you need to ace this difficult exam.

Begin your arithmetic reasoning preparation:

  • Concept clarity- Undoubtedly, clearing of the concepts is very important for the preparation of SSC CGL exam tier 1.
  • Regular reasoning quizzes- To ensure minimum time wastage and actual learning, keep a regular record of your ideal preparation by taking online quizzes. As these quizzes are designed keeping in mind the actual questions that come in the SSC CGL exam, so the student can understand the current exam pattern as well as do the last year exam pattern analysis.
  • Topics such as analogy, puzzles, series, coding-decoding and figure based questions etc. are extremely scoring. Start your practice with these questions and then move forward to the other versatile questions of the exam. Certainly, you are going to observe a massive accuracy improvement within a week if you will practice consistently.
  • Furthermore, some of the non verbal reasoning topics such as figure counting, image assembly etc. demand more of visual imagination. However, you should avoid skipping the practice of these questions just because they are time consuming. They are the easiest to be solved.
  • Sit and solve at least one sample mock test paper everyday.
  • After solving a mock paper, review it in and out completely. Then analyze the time taken, your errors, follow up your approach as well as accuracy.
  • Try out various time management strategies such as adopting a suitable approach and the one that suits you the best.
  • Also, always give more time to the section that you are good at. Remember, there are no sectional limits, so you can utilize your time well by focusing on your stronger section. Your job is to simply maximize your score in whatever way you can.
  • Try out solving of the different sections first and figure out that which strategy works best for you.

Note: Your aim is to attempt at least 15-20 questions in the exam with reasonable accuracy, within 20 minutes. Try to solve this section in the exam in no more than twenty minutes.

Arithmetic Sample Questions

  1. Introducing a boy, a girl said, "He is the son of the daughter of the father of my uncle." How is the boy related to the girl?
A. Brother B. Nephew
C. Uncle D. Son-in-law
  1. In questions, find the odd word/letters/ numbers from the given alternatives.
  1. If FRIEND is coded as HUMJTK, how is CANDLE written in that code ?
A. 20 B. 15
C. 10 D. 24
  1. Mani is double the age of Prabhu. Ramona is half the age of Prabhu. If Mani is sixty, find out the age of Ramona.
A. 20 B. 15
C. 10 D. 24

Recommended Study Material and Reference Websites

Arithmetic reasoning is extremely tough. So, it is recommended to follow the practice papers that are available on many websites as these practice papers will boost your score.

Some of the websites are,,,, etc.

SSC CGL recommended books for cracking the reasoning ability

Serial Number SSC CGL Reasoning books Author
1. Analytical Reasoning M.K. Pandey
2. Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal
3. Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning (Hindi) Kiran publication
4. A New Approach to Reasoning Verbal & Non-Verbal (English) B.S. Sijwali
5. Logical and analytical reasoning (English) A.K. Gupta

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.