The University Grants Commission (UGC) has entrusted the responsibility of conducting UGC NET to NTA. CBSE will no longer hold the examination. This year, UGC NET December 2018 is scheduled between December 9 to 19. The final date and shift will be made notified by October 21, 2018 on NTA’s website i.e. nta.ac.in.
In the following article, we will be talking about one of the topmost NET (Nationality Eligibility Test) topic/ paper i.e. Geography. As per the dictionary, Geography is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of planet Earth. If you want to pursue a career in Geography through NET exam, here we are representing complete syllabus for Geography (Paper 2 and Paper 3).
With the introduction of NTA as the regulating body of UGE NET, listed below is the revised exam pattern of exam:
|Paper||Marks | Questions||First Shift||Second Shift|
|1||100 | 50||1 hour
(9.30 am to 10.30 am) IST
(2.00 pm to 3.00 pm) IST
|2||200 | 100||2 hours
(11.00 am to 1.00) pm IST
(3.30 om to 5.30 pm) IST
Check UGC NET Exam Pattern
1. Geomorphology: Fundamental concepts, Endogenetic and Exogenetic forces, Denudation and weathering, Geosynclines, Continental Drift and plate tectonics, Concept of geomorphic cycle, Landforms associated with fluvial, glacial arid, costal and karst cycles.
2. Climatology: Composition and structure of the atmosphere, Heat budget of the earth, Distribution of temperature, Atmospheric pressure and general circulation of winds, Monsoon and jet stream, Tropical and temperate cyclones, Classification of world climates, Koppen’s and Thornthwaite’s schemes.
3. Oceanography: Ocean deposits, Coral reefs, temperature and salinity of the oceans, Density of sea water, Tides and oceans currents.
Bio-Geography: World distribution of plants and animals, Forms and function of ecosystem, Conservation and management of ecosystems, Problems of pollution.
4. Geographic Thought: General character of Geographic knowledge during the ancient period and medieval period, Foundations of modern geography, Determinism and possibilism, Areal Differentiation and spatial organization.
5. Population Geography: Pattern of world distribution, growth and density of population, patterns and process of migration, demographic transition.
Settlement Geography: Site, Situation, types, size, Spacing, and internal morphology of rural and urban settlements, City-region, primate city, Rank size rule, Settlement hierarchy, Christaller’s Central Place Theory, August Losch’s theory of market centers.
6. Economic Epigraphy: Sectors of economy, Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary, Natural resources, Renewable and non-renewable.
Measurement of agricultural productivity and efficiency, crop combination and diversification, Von thunen’s model.
Classification of industries: Weber’s and Losch’s approaches, Resources based and footloose industries.
Models of transportation and transport cost: Accessibility and connectivity.
7. Political Geography: Heartland and Rimland theories, Boundaries and frontiers, Nature of administrative areas and geography of public policy and finance.
Social Geography: Ethnicity, tribe, dialect, language, caste and religion, concept of social well-being.
Cultural Geography: Culture areas and cultural regions, Human races, Habitat, economy and Society of tribal groups.
8. Regional Planning: Regional concept in geography, Concept of planning regions, Types of region, Methods of regional delineation, Regional planning in India, Indicator of development, Regional imbalances, Evolution, nature and scope of town planning with special reference to India, and fundamentals of Town and Country planning.
9. Geography of India: Physiographic divisions, climate, its regional variations, vegetation types and vegetation regions, Major soil types, irrigation and agriculture Population distribution and growth. Settlement patterns, Mineral and power resources, major industries and industrial regions.
10. Cartography: Types of maps: techniques for the study of spatial pattern of distribution, Choropleth, Isopleth, and chorochromatic maps and pie diagrams, Mapping of location specific data, Accessibility and flow maps.
Remote sensing and computer application in mapping, Digital mapping, Geographic information System (GIS).
Statistical Methods: Data sources and types of data, Frequency distribution and cumulative frequency, Measures of central tendency, Selection off class intervals for mapping, Measure of dispersion and concentration, Standard deviation, Lorenz curve. Methods of measuring association among different attributes, Simple and Multiple correlation, Regression.
Nearest neighbor analysis, Scaling techniques, rank score, Weighted score, sampling techniques for geographical analysis.
Check UGC NET Syllabus
Geomorphology: Fundamental concepts, Factors controlling landform development, Endogenetic and Exogenesis forces, Denudation process, Weathering and erosion, Geosynclines, Mountain building, Continental drift and plate tectonics, concept of Geomorphic cycle, Landforms associated with fluvial, glacial, arids, coastal and karst cycles, Scope forms and processes, Environmental and Applied geomorphology.
Climatology: Composition and structure of the atmosphere, Insolation, Heat budget of the earth, Distribution of temperature, atmospheric pressure and general circulation of winds, Monsoons and jet streams, Stability and instability of the atmosphere, Air masses, Fronts, temperate and tropical cyclones, Types and distribution of precipitation, classification of world climate, Koppen’s and Thronthwaite’s schemes, Hydrological cycle, Global warming.
Oceanography: Origin of ocean basins, Bottom relief of Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, Oceans deposits, Coral reefs, temperature and salinity of the Oceans, Density of sea water, tides and ocean currents, Sea level changes.
Bio-Geography: Physical factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals, Forms and function of ecosystem, Forest, grassland, Marine, and mountain ecosystem, Bio-diversity and its depletion through natural and man induced causes, conservation and management of ecosystem, Environmental hazards and problems of pollution, Ozone depletion.
History of geographical Thought: General character of Geographic knowledge during the ancient and medieval period, Foundation of modern Geography: Contribution of German, French, British and American Schools, conceptual and Methodological developments during the 20th century, changing paradigms, Man and environment, Determinism and possibilism, Areal differentiation and spatial organization, Quantitative revolution, Impact positivism, Humanism, Radicalism, and behaviouralism in geography.
Population Geography: nature, scope, subject matter and recent trends, Patterns of world distribution, growth and density of population, Policy issues, Patterns and processes of migration, Demographic transition, Population resource regions.
Settlement Geography: Site, Situation, Size, types, spacing, and internal morphology of rural and urban settlements, Ecological processes of urban growth, Urban fringe, city-region, Settlement system, Primate city, Rank-size rule, Settlement hierarchy Christaller’s central place, theory, August Losch’s theory of market centers.
Economic geography: location of economic activities and spatial organization of economies, classification of economics, Sectors of economy: primary, Secondary and tertiary and Quaternary, Naturals resources: Renewable and non-renewable conservation of resources.
Agricultural Geography: Concept and techniques of delimitation of agricultural regions, Measurement of agricultural productivity and efficiency, Crop combination and diversification, Von Thunen’s Model Agricultural Systems of the world.
Industrial geography: Classification of Industries: Weber’s and Losch’s approaches, Resource-based and footloose industries.
Geography of Transport and Trade: Models of transportation and transport cost, Accessibility and connectivity: Inter-regional: Intra regional: Comparative cost advantages.
Political Geography: Definition and scope of Political geography, Geopolitics, global strategic views (Heartland and Rimland Theories), Concept of nation, State and Nation-state, Boundaries and frontiers, Politics of world resources, geography and Federalism.
Social Geography: Nature, and scope of social geography; Social structure and social process, Element of Social geography-ethnicity, tribe, Dialect, Language, caste and religion; Concept of Social Well-being.
Cultural Geography: Nature and scope of Cultural Geography, Environment and Culture, Concept of culture areas and culture regions, Theories of tribal groups, Dwelling places as cultural expressions.
Regional Planning: regional concept in Geography, its application to planning, Concept of planning region, regional hierarchy, Types of region and methods of regional delineation, Conceptual and theoretical framework of regional planning, regional planning in India, Concept of development, Indicators of development regional imbalances.
Geography of India: Physiographic division, climate, its regional variations, Vegetation types and vegetation regions, Major spoil types, Coastal and Marine resources, Water resources, irrigation, Agriculture, Agroclimatic regions, Mineral and power resources, Major industries and industrial regions, Population distribution and growth, Settlement patterns, regional Disparities in Social and economic development.
Cartography: Map as a tool in geographical studies: types of maps: techniques for the study of a spatial pattern of distribution; Single purpose and composite maps, Choropleth, Isopleth and Chorochromatic maps and pie Diagrams, mapping of location-specific data, Accessibility and flow maps.
Remote sensing and computer application in mapping: Digital mapping; Geographic information system (GIS), Thematic maps.
Statistical Methods: Data Sources and types of data, Statistical diagrams, Study of frequency distribution and cumulative frequency, Measures of central tendency, Selection of class intervals for mapping, Measure of dispersion and concentration; standard deviation, Lorenz curve, Methods of measuring association among different attributes, Simple and multiple correlation; Regression
Measurement of spatial patterns of distribution, Nearest neighbour analysis, Scaling techniques, rank score, weighted score, sampling techniques for geographical analysis.
There is an abundance of study material available in the market, we have listed down the top most books in English and Hindi for the exam. Read on!
|Book Name||Author/ Publisher|
|Trueman’s UGC NET Geography||A. Magon, B.P. Panigrahi|
|UGC NET Geography||Shuchi Rastogi|
|UGC NET/ SET Geography Paper II and III||GKP|
|Book Name||Author/ Publisher|
|UGC NET: Geography||RPH Editorial Board|
|Trueman’s UGC NET Bhugol||Board of Authors|
|UGC-NET: Geography Paper II||Manoj Kumar Singh|
1. Who among the following is associated with the concept of ‘spatial diffusion’?
2. What is the thrust of the journal Antipode?
3. Who wrote the book Spatial Organisation?
1. Identify landforms associated with ‘Karst Topography’.
Differentiate between Endogentic and Exogentic forces in Geomorphology.
1. Write an essay on ‘Environmental and Applied Geomorphology’.
Which are the parameters used for forecasting of Indian monsoons?
Write a note on the conservation and management of Ocean- resources.
The National Testing Agency has clarified that there will be no changes in the syllabus or paper pattern of UGC NET. The only change introduced is in the mode of exam, i.e. from pen-paper mode the exam will be conducted in computer-based mode. UGC NET is a test conducted to determine the eligibility ‘only for Assistant Professor’ and ‘for Junior Research Fellowship and Assistant Professor both’ in Indian universities and colleges. Know more
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.