UGC NET Syllabus for Political Science

Updated On -

Sep 29, 2020

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Sudeshna Bhar

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UGC NET (University Grant Commission Nationality Eligibility Test) 2021 exam is conducted by NTA for the post of Assistant Professor or Junior Research Fellowship. Many universities accept NET score for admission. Check UGC NET 2021 Latest News

CBSE UGC NET exam is conducted twice in a year online mode. UGC NET 2021 exam will consist of two papers, Paper 1 is common to all the candidates and Paper 2 is opted by the candidates for Political Science. Practice the UGC NET Mock Tests 2020

The Political Science Section in UGC NET will consist of one paper i.e. Paper-II. there will be 100 questions containing 2 marks for each question. There is No Restriction to move to and fro among the Papers. All the questions are compulsory to attempt. 

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The University Grants Commission (UGC) NET Bureau revised its syllabus for UGC NET in Political Science in June, 2019 and the same syllabus will be applicable for the upcoming UGC NET / JRF and SET or SLET examination. The detailed syllabus for paper-1 can be found at UGC NET Syllabus for Paper-1. The details of the syllabus of Paper-2 for Political Science will be discussed in the article. Also read- UGC NTA NET 2020 Admit Card has been published.

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UGC NET Syllabus in Political Science


1. Political Theory and Thought

Ancient Indian Political Thought: Kautilya and Shanti Parva.

Greek Political Thought: Plato and Aristotle.

European Thought – I: Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau.

European Thought – II: Bentham, J. S. Mill, Hegel, Marx and Green.

Contemporary Political Thought – I: Lenin, Mao, Gramsci.

Contemporary Political Thought – II: Rawls, Nozick and Communitarians.

Modern Indian Thought: Gandhi, M. N. Roy, Aurobindo Ghosh, Joy Prakash Ambedkar, Savarkar.

Concepts and Issue – I: Medieval Political Thought: Church-State Relationship and Theory of Two Swords.

Concepts and Issue – II: Behaviouralism and Post-Behaviouralism, Decline and Resurgence of Political Theory. Democracy, Liberty and Equality.

2. Comparative Politics and Political Analysis

Evolution of Comparative Politics as a discipline; nature and scope.

Approaches to the study of comparative politics: Traditional, Structural-Functional, Systems and Marxist.

Constitutionalism: Concepts, Problems and Limitations.

Forms of Government: Unitary – Federal, Parliamentary – Presidential.

Organs of Government: Executive, Legislature, Judiciary – their interrelationship in comparative perspective.

Party Systems and Pressure Groups; Electoral Systems.

Bureaucracy – types and roles.

Political Development and Political Modernization.

Political Culture, Political Socialization and Political Communication.

Political Elite; Elitist theory of Democracy.

Power, Authority and Legitimacy.

Revolution: Theories and Types.

Dependency: Development and Under Development.

3. Indian Government and Politics

National Movement, Constitutional Developments and the Making of Indian Constitution.

Ideological Bases of the Indian Constitution, Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties and Directive Principles.

Constitution as Instrument of Socio-Economic Change, Constitutional Amendments and Review.

Structure and Process – I: President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Working of the Parliamentary System.

Structure and Process – II: Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Legislature.

Panchayati Raj Institutions: Rural and Urban, their working.

Federalism: Theory and Practice in India; Demands of Autonomy and Separatist Movements; Emerging trends in Centre-State Relations.

Judiciary: Supreme Court, High Courts, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism including Public Interest Litigation cases, Judicial Reforms.

Political Parties, Pressure Groups, Public Opinion, Media; Subaltern and Peasant Movements.

Elections, Electoral Behaviour, Election Commission and Electoral Reforms.

4. UGC NET Public Administration

Development of Public Administration as a discipline; Approaches to the study of Public Administration: Decision – making, Ecological and Systems; Development Administration.

Theories of Organizationwww.netugc.com

Principles of Organization: Line and staff, unity of command, hierarchy, a span of control, centralization and decentralization, Types of the organization – formal and informal; Forms of the organization; department, public corporation and board.

Chief Executive: Types, functions and roles.

Personnel Administration: Recruitment, Training, Promotion, Discipline, Morale; Employee – Employer Relations.

Bureaucracy: Theories, Types and Roles; Max Weber and his critics. Civil servant – Minister relationship.

Leadership, its role in decision – making; Communication.

Financial Administration: Budget, Audit, Control over Finance with special reference to India and UK.

Good Governance; Problems of Administrative Corruption; Transparency and Accountability; Right to Information.

Grievance Redressal Institutions: Ombudsman, Lokpal and Lokayukta.

5. International Relations

Contending Theories and Approaches to the study of International Relations; Idealist, Realist, Systems, Game, Communication and Decision – making.

Power, Interest and Ideology in International Relations; Elements of Power: Acquisition, use and limitations of power, Perception, Formulation and Promotion of National Interest, Meaning, Role and Relevance of Ideology in International Relations.

Arms and Wars: Nature, causes and types of wars/conflicts including ethnic disputes; conventional, Nuclear/biochemical wars; deterrence, Arms Race, Arms Control and Disarmament.

Peaceful Settlement of Disputes, Conflict Resolution, Diplomacy, World – order and Peace studies.

Cold War, Alliances, Non – Alignment, End of Cold war, Globalisation.

Rights and Duties of states in international law, intervention, Treaty law, prevention and abolition of war.

Political Economy of International Relations; New International Economic Order, North-South Dialogue, South-South Cooperation, WTO, Neocolonialism and Dependency.

Regional and sub-regional organisations especially SAARC, ASEAN, OPEC, OAS.

United Nations: Aims, Objectives, Structure and Evaluation of the working of UN; Peace and Development perspectives; Charter Revision; Power – struggle and Diplomacy within UN, Financing and Peacekeeping operations. 

India’s Role in International affairs: India’s relations with its neighbours, Wars, Security Concerns and Pacts, Mediatory Role, distinguishing features of Indian Foreign Policy and Diplomacy.

Click here to download Paper 2 Subjects Syllabus PDFs

UGC NET Paper-2 Syllabus Continues


The following part of the UGC NET syllabus was previously under UGC NET Paper-3 (Part-A and Part-B) syllabus in Political Science, however, as UGC has now only two papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which is general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 on the specific subject (including all electives, without options) instead of previous three papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which was general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 and Paper-3 on the specific subject, so, nowadays, the following part is also considered as part of the UGC NET Paper-2 syllabus.

[Core and Elective / Optional]

Unit - I

* Political Theory

* Nature of Political Theory, its main concerns; decline and resurgence since 1970s.

* Liberalism and Marxism

* Individual and Social Justice

* Role of Ideology

* Theories of change: Lenin, Mao, Gandhi.

Unit - II

* Political Thought.

* Plato and Aristotle.

* Machiavelli

* Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and J. S. Mill.

* Karl Marx

* Gandhi, M. N. Roy, Aurobindo Ghosh.

Unit - III

* Comparative Politics and Political Analysis.

* Approaches to the study of comparative Politics Constitutionalism in theory and practice.

* Executive, Legislature and Judiciary with special reference to India, USA, UK and Switzerland.

* Party system and role of opposition.www.netugc.com

* Electoral Process Separation of Powers, Rule of Law and Judicial Review.

Unit - IV

* Political Development.

* Political Modernization.

* Political Socialisation and Political Culture.

* Power and Authority.

* Political Elite.

Unit - V

* Making of the Indian Constitution.

* Fundamental Rights and Duties, and Directive Principles.

* Union Executive, Parliament.

* Supreme Court, Judicial Activism.

* Indian Federalism: Theory, Practice and Problems.

Unit - VI

* Dynamics of State Politics.

* Local Governments: Rural and Urban.

* Political Parties, Pressure Groups, and Public Opinion.

* Elections, Electoral Reforms.

* Class, Caste, Gender, Dalit and Regional Issues, Problems of Nation – Building and Integration.

Unit - VII

* Growth of Public Administration as a discipline; and New Public Administration.

* Theories of Organisation (Classical, Scientific, Human Relations).

* Principles of Organisation.

* Chief Executive.

* Control over Administration Judicial and Legislative Bureaucracy.

Unit - VIII

* Development Planning and Administration in India.

* Bureaucracy and Challenges of Development.

* Administrative Culture; Administrative Corruption, and Administrative Reforms.

* Panchayati Raj.

* Impact of Liberalization on Public Administration.

Unit - IX

* Theories of International Relations.

* Ideology, Power and Interest.

* Conflicts and Conflict – Resolution.

* Changing concept of National Security and Challenges to the Nation-State System Arms and Arms – Control.

Unit - X

* End of Cold War, Globalisation and Political Economy of International Relations in the Contemporary World.

* Determinants and Compulsions of India’s Foreign Policy; India’s Nuclear Policy.

* India’s Relations with Neighbours and USA.

* India’s Role in the UN.

* India and Regional Organizations (SAARC, ASEAN), Indian Ocean.

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*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.

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