How to prepare GI & Reasoning for SSC JE?

Updated On -

Apr 8, 2017

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Risha Sinha

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SSC JE Exam will be conducted in multiple shifts from March 1, 2017, to March 4, 2017. There are 2 papers in SSC JE Exam- Paper I (Objective Test) and Paper II (Conventional Test). The sections of General Intelligence and Reasoning carry 50 marks. The total time allotted to finish Paper-I is 2 hours.

GI (General Intelligence) & Reasoning section in the SSC JE Exam is a very intriguing one. Reasoning mildly can turn out to be your golden goose. You can either score heavily or waste a lot of time and still scoreless. This section rewards your hard work and training. The more you prepare, the better you score. You have just 15 days left to prepare for the SSC JE Exam 2017. But do not worry. You have come at the right place. For all those pestered with questions in the GI & Reasoning section of SSC JE and how to prepare for it, need to relax down a bit and read this article.

However, you still need to know what to do differently in these last few days before SSC JE Exam. To master this section of the SSC JE exam, a few core skills need to be developed. These include a combination of accuracy and speed, the ability to do simple/ complex calculations under pressure and the ability to use logics while solving GI & Reasoning questions. Let us see the master strategy, carefully crafted, to help you get that perfect score in the GI & Reasoning section of SSC JE Exam.

SSC JE GI & Reasoning Topic-wise Analysis

SSC JE Preparation

Reasoning and General intelligence section consist of 50 questions of 1 mark each. A maximum number of question came from series & visual reasoning which were calculative in nature. Here are some topics and number of questions asked in SSC exams for General Intelligence and Reasoning section.

Topics Expected Number of Questions Marks
Matrix based 1 1
Statement conclusion 1 1
Analytical reasoning 2 2
Statement inference 2 2
Directions 3 3
Venn- diagram 3 3
Word formation 3 3
Coding decoding 3 3
Odd one out 6 6
Analogy 6 6
Math based questions 7 7
Series 7 7
Visual reasoning 8 8

Preparation Tips for SSC JE GI & Reasoning

Thinking skills give you the abilities to solve problems, make use of strategy to address them. Always try new things time to time. New mind games like Sudoku, puzzles, make new hobbies, etc. this will sharp your brain and give the ability to act fast. Exercise on a regular basis will also effect on your memory and thinking. Read and write something on new topics also improving your critical thinking. Play games that require reasoning skills like Chess and checkers.

The Syllabus for General Intelligence & Reasoning would include questions of both verbal and non-verbal type. The test may include questions on-

Analogies Similarities Differences Space Visualization Problem Solving
Analysis Judgement Decision Making Visual Memory Discrimination
Observation Relationship Concepts Arithmetical Reasoning Verbal and Figure Classification Arithmetical Number Series

The test will also include questions designed to test the candidate ‘s abilities to deal with abstract ideas and symbols and their relationships, arithmetical computations and other analytical functions.

  1. There are a few topics, like Alphabet, Dictionary, Coding & Decoding, Analogy, Classification/Odd Pair, Rule Detection and Series which employ concepts of Quantitative Aptitude. These questions are highly competitive and require a good amount of practice to solve. Hence, you need to allot a little extra time to these questions.
  2. Yes, you need to work extra for Coding-Decoding Questions. The number of questions from this topic just keep on climbing every year and you can easily crack these questions.
  3. Always understand the question carefully before answer it. Most of the answers hidden in the problem.
  4. Logical reasoning questions contained with Data / Diagram, which is the central part of that question so take it seriously.
  5. Knowledge of Direction (East, West, North, and South) is most important to solve path type questions.
  6. You should divide your question time type-wise.
  • Firstly, attempt those issues which are easy and less time-consuming such as Classification/ Odd pair, Series Completion/ Analogy, Direction based tests/ Direction Sense Test, Number, Ranking & Time, Sequence Test, Alphabet Test/ Dictionary, etc.
  • Then, turns towards the Medium Difficulty Level Questions such as Inequalities, Blood Relations, Coding-Decoding, Data Sufficiency, etc.
  • At last, Time-Consuming Complex Questions like Seating Arrangement, Complex Puzzle, Input-Output Machine, etc.

7. You should be familiar with sequence and number positions of alphabets from A to Z.

Topic-wise Preparation Tips for SSC JE GI & Reasoning

Important Topics in SSC JE GI & Reasoning-

SSC JE Preparation


One of the most important topics asked in this section SSC JE GI & Reasoning section. Analogy questions are based on comparisons. You will be given some pairs and you have to find out the similar pair to the given pair. Here are the basic concepts you should know to solve these questions. For example:

Example 1: Completing Analog Pair

Oasis: Sand:: Island:?

a) River   b) Sea   c) Water   d) Waves

Here, the first pair is ⇒ “Oasis: Sand” and the second pair is “Island:?”. And, “∷” sign means first pair and second pair share similar relationship. 'Oasis' is a mass of water amidst ‘Sand’ similarly ‘Island’ is a mass of land amidst ‘water’. Note: It’d be Island: Sea had the first pair been Oasis: Desert. We’re given the name of thing desert is made of i.e. Sand. So, we’ll use the name of thing Sea is made of i.e. Water.

Example 2: Simple Analogy

Sweet is to Chocolate as Book is to...?

a) Dictionary   b) Library   c) Encyclopedia   d) Atlas

Here, Chocolate can be sweet or bitter but ‘Sweet’ is the enlarged form of chocolate. Similarly, ‘Encyclopedia’ is an enlarged form of a ‘book’.

Statement & Conclusion

A statement is a group of words arranged to form a meaningful sentence. A conclusion is a judgment or decision reached after consideration about the given statement.

This topic is considered one of the important topics in SSC reasoning. There are following type of questions in this topic.

  • One statement with Two Conclusion Based
  • More than Two Statements and Conclusion Based

Coding- Decoding

You can easily score in these questions. you just need to learn alphabetical order & also its reverse order. This will help you to save time in solving these types of questions of SSC JE. For Example-

Example 1:

If COURSE is coded in FRXUVH how is RACE is coded in that code.

In this given word, each letter is moved three letters forward so R will be coded as U, A as D, C as F, E as H.

Example 2:

ROPE= 6821

CHAIR= 73456



6 8 2 1 7 3 4 5

Arrangement- Direction

In arrangement question, you can verify the answer by applying the "conditions" given in the question to your arrangement. This includes blood- relation, arrangements (circular, line, building, etc.). Here are some basic rules of Direction questions.

  • At the time of sunrise, if a man stands facing the east, his shadow will be towards the west.
  • At the time of sunset, the shadow of an object is always in the east.
  • If a man stands facing the North, at the time of sunrise his shadow will be towards his left and at the time of sunset, it will be towards his right.

Note: These questions in SSC JE are the most time-consuming. So, if you stuck in these questions then leave and proceed further.

Analytical Reasoning

Example 1:

Count the number of squares in the given figure

SSC JE Preparation

Answer: 30

SSC JE GI & Reasoning Section Books

A good book is a success in every exam. If you want to crack SSC JE Exam, buy books according to syllabus and written by a good writer. These books will help you in SSC JE preparation. But don’t forget to check the SSC JE syllabus. 

SSC JE GI & Reasoning Books Name of Author ISBN Number
SSC Reasoning (General Intelligence and Reasoning) V S Srivastava 9385971123
SSC Speed Tests General Intelligence & Reasoning NA 9383186291
Chapter-wise Solved Papers SSC Staff Selection Commission – Reasoning Arihant Experts 9385929925
A Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal 8121905516
A New Approach to REASONING Verbal & Non-Verbal B.S. Sijwalii & Indu Sijwali 9351765105
How to Crack Test of Reasoning- REVISED EDITION Jaikishan & Prem Kishan 9385929348

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.