On 5 January 2020, the Prelims stage of the Engineering Services Examination (ESE) 2020 IES was held. The test for selection in Indian Engineering Services (IES) was administered by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). It is one of the toughest as well as popular exams for engineering graduates in the country. It is a doorway for those in the technical streams to get into the public sector, without having to deviate from their academic path. In this article, you will find the mechanical engineering paper's thorough analysis along with the expected cut-off. The paper's pattern has changed continuously in the last few years. Hence, skipping any portion of the syllabus in this scenario will cost you heavily.
ESE 2020 Mechanical Engineering-Topic-wise Analysis
Given below is the topic-wise analysis for the IES/ESE 2020 Prelims Mechanical Engineering paper.
- Theory of Machines- There were 11 questions in total, out of which 3 were numerical-type questions. Question levels were similar to those taught in the classroom curriculum.
- Strength of Material- In comparison to the previous year, the number of questions stayed the same- that is 17. The questions were segregated unevenly, however, and the emphasis was primarily on four topics. The questions were very straightforward and easy.
- Material Science- Only 12 questions were asked on this topic. On a more comfortable level, the questions were few in number. Much of the syllabus areas were covered.
- IC Engine- This time, there were about six questions asked. All the problems were simple, and they covered almost the entire syllabus.
- Thermodynamics-A total of four questions were posed. Question level was elementary. Nearly all the problems were identical to the problems of the past year.
- HMT- The paper asked a total of 5 questions from this subject. They covered all five subtopics. The questions were simple, and in the specified amount of time, they could be answered. There was one problem, however, which needed the usage of a calculator.
- Production Engineering- The total number of questions which were asked was five. There were two questions of the numerical type, and three were theoretical. The focus has moved to the new topics, Mechatronics and Robotics.
- Robotics- Robotics had four questions. The questions were as expected, and did not deviate a lot from the syllabus.
- Mechatronics- The number of questions posed from this subject has increased since last year. Twelve questions were asked. With adequate preparation, this is a very high scoring subject.
- Machine Design- There were eight questions asked this year. The questions were fundamental and conceptual in nature.
- Industrial Engineering- This year, a total of 5 questions were asked, and three were from the central Industrial Engineering component, whereas two were from Quality Control. Problem level was straightforward and easy to solve.
- Power Plant- This is essential for IES. Eighteen questions were asked on this subject. There were only two questions that were a little bit tricky. Five questions were numerical in nature.
- RAC- 9 Questions were asked this year. The questions were simple, and the numerical problems could be solved without using any calculator.
- Renewable Energy- 12 Questions were asked, and 80 per cent were questions of a theoretical kind. In this subject, nearly all the chapters were covered.
- Fluid Mechanics- Twelve questions were asked this year from this subject. The questions were rather simple. The questions touched upon all topics of the syllabus. Problems could be answered this year without using the calculators. 9 Questions were also asked from Fluid Machines and were direct in nature.
With a comprehensive analysis of the question paper, it can be said that it was much simpler than the previous year.
ESE 2020 Mechanical engineering- Cut-off Analysis
ISE/ESE prelims cut-off is the minimum qualification mark required for admission to the mains test. ISE/ESE 2020 cut-off from prelims analysis is estimated from 500 marks. As per the cut-off pattern of previous years, candidates in the preliminary test, which is 15 percent (for General, OBC, ST and SC) while it is 10 per cent for PH, are expected to achieve qualifying cut-off according to their category. This means candidates in the general classification, OBC, ST, and SC must score 75 marks and candidates in the PH category must score 60 marks. However, as per categories, the candidates must score the overall cut-off declared by Commission discipline wise. This year, the expected qualification cut off found through prelims analysis reveals the following:
Overall, it can be concluded that mechanical engineering preparation based on previous year questions would have been quite fruitful for this year. Material science, Theory of Machines, Renewable energy, Mechatronics and Fluid Mechanics had the maximum share in the questions. Keeping this analysis in mind, it is high time to start preparing for the Mains exam as well and make the most of the available time.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.