If you aspire to serve the nation while at the same time do a respectable job related to the field of engineering, you can straightaway apply for ESE (Engineering Services Exam). On selection, start working as a civil servant in the engineering services of the public sector.
ESE exam 2021 will be conducted sometime in January next year, it is imperative to start preparing early. Most students are quite confident with the portion of technical questions in the paper if they are well versed in their academic subject. However, they face problems with the non-technical parts. The non-tech portion poses a challenge to the students.
The ESE is conducted by the UPSC in two phases namely
The preliminary exam has both the non-technical and tech or domain-specific portions. The main exam will only test the candidates on the domain-specific pieces. The table below will explain the pattern in detail.
|Exam type||Number of Paper||Type of paper||Subject tested||Duration (in hours)||Total marks|
|Preliminary||Paper 1||Objective type||General Studies and Engineering Aptitude||2||200|
|Paper 2||Objective type||Engineering discipline-specific||3||300|
|Mains||Paper 1||Conventional type||Engineering discipline-specific||3||300|
|Paper 2||Conventional type||Engineering discipline-specific||3||300|
By looking at the pattern and marking scheme of the preliminary exam, one can make out how important the non-technical part is. To prepare the non-tech parts efficiently, it is better to make the right notes, revise and stay focused on the syllabus.
For striking a correct balance while preparing the non-tech portion of ESE, it is crucial to learn the nuances of the syllabus as to what all is encompassed in part.
As already mentioned, the General Studies and Engineering Aptitude is of 2 hours and carries 200 marks. The important sections are as follows:
As all government exams have current affairs, the ESE has substantial questions from current affairs as well. That said, this is one of the most challenging portions that need to be tackled diligently. Most questions pertaining to the national and international importance of social, Political, Economic, and industrial development are asked in this section.
Approximately 9-10 questions are asked from this section, so current affairs have to be done well. Plus one can also prepare for the interview by knowing about current affairs.
This section is just like that of the CAT paper that tests the analytical and logical aspects. There are several questions from this portion.
This section is one of the important and easy parts for most engineering students as they have already dealt with these types of questions in their engineering course.
This part consists of two subdivisions, the design part and the importance of the safety portion. For Mechanical students, focus on designing and drawing portion while for others, focus more on the safety portion.
This section has about 4-5 questions in the paper.
For preparing this particular section, one can take the help of the notes given in the industrial and production branch. It is also important to solve previous year question papers to get a grasp on the types of questions asked.
There are 7-8 questions from this portion.
This section consists of maximum questions, nearly 12-13 questions. These questions are mostly static, but they might come from current affairs as well.
For civil and mechanical engineering students, the project management portion is relatively easy. For others, practicing questions from a good book and clearing out the basics will help.
This subject is again studied by students of engineering in their 1st year. About 10-13 questions come from this section.
This portion has 8-10 questions, all based on current happenings. So to prepare this particular section, either one can read books available for the topic or read newspapers religiously. By reading newspapers, one can be prepared for any new developments in the sphere of ICT that are often asked in the paper. This will also prepare the students for the interview and the current affairs section.
Ethics and values test the students on their managerial skills. There are no particular books to prepare them from, but one can always have a look from the previous year papers. Some 9-10 questions are asked from this section, so pay attention to the question asked and apply common sense.
One just needs to focus on what has been taught in their engineering course for all four years and just revise them. For portions that have been domain-specific like the design part of project management, students can take help from coaching or experts in these topics.
Some other general important points to keep in mind while preparing the non-tech paper are as follows.
It is imperative to study and choose reading materials wisely. Focus on what is important and do not study everything. For instance, one can rely on the notes and books prepared by the coaching institutes as they are already efficient in this section. The students will also be able to prepare it comprehensively, and it is suggested that one must bring all study materials beforehand only.
The importance of GS is vital, and it is always advisable to make good notes of it as it comes handy at the last moment. Reading the newspaper is essential, and by making notes, one can revise them well.
So reading newspapers serves you three benefits. It will help the students in solving questions of current affairs, ICT, and energy and environment sections. It will also help them in knowing about any new developments in the current scenario and make them ready to crack the interview questions as well.
Now for the designing and project management portion, Mechanical and Civil engineering students surely have the upper hand. So it is essential to study these topics with those friends who are studying these topics and are good at it. Also, in the case of subjects like material sciences that are taught in 1st year across all departments, studying them with friends will be beneficial as all the inputs will add to your knowledge. Studying individually might be time-consuming, with friends everything becomes interesting.
Time management skills are quite important for ESE because students need to strike a balance between both the paper's preparation. For clearing the preliminary, scoring well in both the paper's is crucial, so it is advisable to make a proper timetable, giving equal time to both.
Always remember to prepare and study well for the non-tech part of the ESE. Do not leave anything thinking that the non-tech part is not important. This mentality can wreak havoc with your rank as well. So don't take this portion lightly, prepare it well, and do good in the paper.
With these tips and tricks, I hope it is clear how to approach this section and prepare for the same well. Always remember to pay attention to every section, and you will surely achieve success.
All the very best for the upcoming ESE 2021!
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.