CAPF AC consists of a three-stage selection process: Written exam, Medical and Physical efficiency test and a personality test. The Paper-I or General ability and Intelligence (GAI) is 250 marks and it must be completed within 2 hours. The written test of CAPF AC contains 2 papers. This paper contains 125 questions and for each attempt, the candidate will be deducted ⅓ marks of the question.
In CAPF AC Paper-I, General Science is an important section. Each year several questions near about 24 questions on average come from this section. General Science includes biology, chemistry, physics, environmental science, current affairs, technology. To score good, aim at least 50+ in this science section of CAPF.
First, we will be looking into 5 previous years questions analysis so that we could understand how much importance and time we should give to Science and Environmental issues.
|Name of Years||Science||Environment|
After looking at this chart, any CAPF candidate would guess that on average 19% of the total questions of GAI paper comes from Science and 4% of total questions is from Environmental science. Therefore, we can easily say that scoring good in the Science section is important. Almost in total 27-33 questions are predictable.
The questions will be set to test general awareness, scientific temper, comprehension, and appreciation of scientific phenomena of everyday observation including new areas of importance like Information Technology, Biotechnology, Environmental Science.
Overall, we can suspect 60-70 marks from science. So, the statistic says that 25- 30 % marks a candidate can get from only reading science which is pretty impressive. Therefore, preparing well and maintaining strategies is important for General Science of CAPF 2020 Paper-I. Here are some tips one can follow:
Here we are going t mentions some of the most important physics topics which must be covered if you are preparing for CAPF Paper-I: Magnet, electricity, light, sound, work and energy, gravitation, Force And Laws Of Motion, Motion, Chemical Effects Of Electriccurrent, Sound, Friction, Force and Pressure, Electronic Current and its effects, Motion and Time, Heat, etc.
At the beginning of your preparation, you should start them with NCERT books mentioned above in the article so that you can recall your knowledge as well as you can learn the basics very quickly and smoothly.
As for the Chemistry, the most notable which should be covered first are: Acids, Bases and Salts, Physical and Chemical Changes, Synthetic Fibres And Plastics, Materials Metals And Non-Metals, Coal And petroleum, Combustion And Flame, Matter In Our Surroundings, Is Matter Around Us Pure, Atoms And Molecules, Structure Of The Atom, Chemical Reactions and Equations, Acids, Bases and Salts, Metals and Non-metals, Carbon and its Compounds, Periodic Classification of Elements, etc.
UPSC, the conducting board of CAPF AC, has a tendency to ask questions more theoretical based. Therefore, one needs to gain a very good conceptual understanding of Science, especially chemistry. They often go into very minute details like chemical formulas, reactions, etc. Still, don’t waste much time. You just need basic science concepts, principles and their day-to-day application clear.
Here is a list of important topics from which UPSC asks questions almost every year: Nutrition in Plants, Nutrition in Animals, Respiration in Organisms, Transportation in Animals and Plants, Reproduction in plants, Microorganisms Friend And foe, Cell Structure And Functions, Reproduction In Animals, Reaching The Age Of Adolescence, The Fundamental Unit Of Life, Tissues, Diversity In Living Organisms, Why Do We Fall ill, Life Processes, Control and Coordination, reproduction, evolution, human eye, Biotechnology Principle and Processes, Biotechnology and its Applications, etc.
Biology is an important part of science. Current affairs on cells, diseases, neuro, biotechnology is really worth time spending. Finish up biology in 2 - 3 months while continuing other sections.
Current affairs is surely an important part of science. From current affairs each year almost 15-20 questions can be expected among which 4-5 questions can be from science. So, while following up current affairs, environmental changes, climate change, environmental distractions, new diseases like COVID-19, etc. has an immense amount of chances to occur.
Most of the preparation period, we give stress on the reading but writing is equally important. Take mock tests and keep the analysis so that you can look into your improvements.
Also, as you finish up the NCERT books, go for the advance books though they are optional, they will clarify if you have any doubts left. Maintain a balance among each section of science as per your strengths and weaknesses.
While preparing, collect the previous years of questions and sample question papers also. Then analyse them separately so that what kind of questions are more often you can note them. This is important how many questions and in what time you can solve. Paper 1 is an offline exam, so 10-15 minutes have to be saved to bubble the answers.
Don’t make up your mind like “science is not my cup of tea”. If you want to crack CAPF AC, then science has to be prepared. Preparation of CAPF exam is a process of physical as well as mental development. The process of CAPF preparation is a journey of thousand miles through rough and rocky terrain but this is worth it for the shining stars on one’s shoulders and a lifetime experience.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.