UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus for IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains 2021 Exam

Updated On -

Apr 13, 2021

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Sudeshna Bhar

Exams Prepmaster

The IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains 2021 Exam will be conducted from September 17, 2021. The candidates who qualify for the IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains 2021 Exam, are required to choose the optional subject among the 48 optional subjects offered by the conducting body.

Crash Course

Like the other optional subjects, IAS (UPSC CSE) Sociology Optional Syllabus is also divided into Paper-I and Paper-II. While Sociology Paper-I consists of the Fundamentals of Sociology, Sociology Paper-II incorporates the Indian society.

Why UPSC Sociology Optional is popular for IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains?

Sociology is an interdisciplinary subject that overlaps the syllabus of General Studies Paper-I, and General Studies Paper-II, and General Studies Paper-IV of IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains.

On the other hand, Sociology can easy to understand for those even who are from different educational backgrounds. The syllabus of IAS (UPSC CSE) Sociology Optional takes 3 -4 months to be completed.

It has been observed in the recent interview rounds that most of the questions are asked based on the current affair and situational based from the Sociology optional.

IAS (UPSC CSE) Sociology Optional Paper-I Syllabus

Here is the IAS (UPSC CSE) Sociology Optional Paper-I Syllabus for better understanding.

Sociology – The Discipline:

  • Modernity and social changes in Europe and the emergence of sociology.
  • Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
  • Sociology and common sense.

Sociology as Science

  • Science, scientific method, and critique.
  • Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
  • Positivism and its critique.
  • Fact value and objectivity.
  • Non- positivist methodologies

Research Methods and Analysis

  • Qualitative and quantitative methods.
  • Techniques of data collection.
  • Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.

Sociological Thinkers

  • Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
  • Emile Durkheim- Division of labor, social fact, suicide, religion and society.
  • Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, the protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
  • Talcott Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.
  • Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
  • Mead – Self and identity

Stratification and Mobility

  • Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.
  • Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
  • Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
  • Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.

Works and Economic Life

  • The social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society.
  • Formal and informal organization of work.
  • Labour and society.

Politics and Society

  • Sociological theories of power.
  • Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
  • Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
  • Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.

Religion and Society

  • Sociological theories of religion.
  • Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
  • Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.

Systems of Kinship

  • Family, household, marriage.
  • Types and forms of family.
  • Lineage and descent.
  • Patriarchy and the sexual division of labour.
  • Contemporary trends.

Social Change in Modern Society:

  • Sociological theories of social change.
  • Development and dependency.
  • Agents of social change.
  • Education and social change.
  • Science, technology and social change.

IAS (UPSC CSE) Sociology Optional Paper-II Syllabus:

The syllabus of IAS (UPSC CSE) Sociology Optional Paper-II is discussed in the following section of the article:

Introducing Indian Society:

Perspectives on the study of Indian society,

  • Indology (GS. Ghurye).
  • Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).
  • Marxist sociology (A R Desai).

Impact of colonial rule on Indian society

  • The social background of Indian nationalism.
  • Modernization of Indian tradition.
  • Protests and movements during the colonial period.
  • Social reforms.

Social Structure

Rural and Agrarian Social Structure

  • The idea of Indian village and village studies.
  • Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.

Caste System

  • Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
  • Features of the caste system.
  • Untouchability – forms and perspectives.

Tribal communities in India

  • Definitional problems.
  • Geographical spread.
  • Colonial policies and tribes.
  • Issues of integration and autonomy.

Social Classes in India

  • Agrarian class structure.
  • Industrial class structure.
  • Middle classes in India.

Systems of Kinship in India

  • Lineage and descent in India.
  • Types of kinship systems.
  • Family and marriage in India.
  • Household dimensions of the family.

Religion and Society

  • Religious communities in India.
  • Problems of religious minorities.
  • Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour

Visions of Social Change in India

  • The idea of development planning and mixed economy.
  • Constitution, law and social change.
  • Education and social change.

Rural and Agrarian transformation in India

  • Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
  • Green revolution and social change.
  • Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture.
  • Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.

Industrialization and Urbanisation in India

  • Evolution of modern industry in India.
  • Growth of urban settlements in India.
  • Working-class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
  • The informal sector, child labour.
  • Slums and deprivation in urban areas.

Politics and Society

  • Nation, democracy and citizenship.
  • Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite.
  • Regionalism and decentralization of power.
  • Secularization

Social Movements in Modern India

  • Peasants and farmers movements.
  • Women’s movement.
  • Backward classes & Dalit movement.
  • Environmental movements.
  • Ethnicity and Identity movements.

Population Dynamics

  • Population size, growth, composition and distribution.
  • Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
  • Population policy and family planning.
  • Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.

Challenges of Social Transformation

  • Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems, and sustainability.
  • Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
  • Violence against women.
  • Caste conflicts.
  • Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
  • Illiteracy and disparities in education.

The total marks of the Mains Examination are 1750 marks. All candidates who secured the cutoff marks of the Mains examination will proceed towards the Personality Test.

This test will be conducted in the language of choice.The interview will be graded for 275 marks. The total marks of IAS (UPSC CSE) are 2025 marks

3 Months Crash Course

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.