Know the Differences between IAS Officer and PCS Officer

Updated On -

Nov 26, 2020

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IAS and PCS posts are regarded as the nation's very popular services. Last year the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) received a total of 10 lakh aspirants’ application forms for civil services recruitment. The number of aspirants applying for the UPSC exam is also rising every year. Despite the surge in the opportunities in the private sector, the popularity of administrative jobs among the Indian youth is still intact and rising every year. 

Following the growth in private sector employment, the trend of administrative employment among Indian youth remains unchanged and is rising astronomically. The phenomenon is clear from the increasing number of applications received each year by the Commission for the Public Service of the Union (UPSC) and the Commissions for the Public Service of the respective States.

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Though there are many differences in perks enjoyed by both the officials from IAS and PCS department. Given table details about some of the differences in IAS and PCS job profile.

Differences IAS PCS
Syllabus Questions are conceptual and cover mostly topics from all over India and the world.  State Related Topics and Current affairs.
Exam Pattern
  • Preliminary
  • Mains
  • CSAT
  • Qualifying regional paper.
  • Interview
  • Preliminary
  • Mains
  • Compulsory regional paper.
  • Interview

CSAT may or may not be conducted as directive policies laid down by the state.
Recruiting Body All India Civil Services Examination by UPSC State Civil Services examination by State PCS
Administrating Body  The Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) established by the central government The State Administrative Tribunal (SAT)
Appointment President of India Governor of the State
Termination Union Government specifically the President of India. State Government has Full rights.
Salary INR 56,100 - 2,25,000 per month
INR 15600-39100 per month
  • Joining at the post of SDM.
  • Usually takes 6-7 years to become a district collector.
  • Chief Secretary of India with 35-40 years of experience.
  • Joining depends on state service rules.
  • Usually takes 16-17 years to become a district collector.
  • ⅓ rd post will be promoted to the IAS level.
  • Eligible for inter-cadre transfers
  • Can be appointed on deputation in various states 
  • Deputation on various departments within the state.


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IAS Salary: Brief Detailing

The given table briefly details the salary after the 7th Pay Commission and promotion of IAS after years of experience.

Pay Level Basic Pay in INR Service Years Posts
10 56,100/- 1-4 ASP/SDM/ Asst. Commissioner
11 67,700/- 5-8 ADM/Deputy Secretary/ Undersecretary
12 78,800/- 9-12 DM/ Joint Secretary/ Deputy Secretary
13 1,18,500/- 13-16 DM/ Special Secretary cum Director/ Director
14 1,44,200/- 16-24 Divisional Commissioner/ Secretary Cum Commissioner/ Joint Secretary
15 1,82,200/- 25-30 Divisional Commissioner/ Principal Secretary/ Additional Secretary
16 2,05,400/- 30-33 Additional Chief Secretary
17 2,25,000/- 34-36 Chief Secretary
18 2,50,000/- 37+ years Cabinet Secretary of India

The gap between IAS and PCS decision-making powers, advantages, and facilities enjoyed is massive. However, both the Indian Administrative Services and the Provincial Civil Services were formed under the same agenda of legitimizing the nation's seamless system.

Also Read: UPPSC releases Revised UPPSC PCS Prelims 2020 Results; Know Details Here

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*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.