IAS (UPSC CSE) Prelims 2021 preparation tips for Polity and governance

Updated On -

Mar 23, 2021

Abanti's profile photo


Exams Prepmaster

IAS (UPSC CSE) Prelims 2021 has several sections within the General Studies paper. One of the most crucial sections is ‘Indian Polity and Governance’. There are various tricky concepts that candidates often get confused with. A thorough preparation strategy and study plan will help you cover the major part of the syllabus on this topic. For IAS (UPSC CSE) Prelims, the exam will be conducted on June 27, 2021 and the Mains will be on September 17-22, 2021.

Also Read: UPSC IAS & IFoS One-Line Notification Released

IAS (UPSC CSE) Prelims 2021: Indian Polity and Governance Detailed Pattern

The highlights of the section are shown through the below illustrative table:

Highlights Details
Syllabus for Indian polity & Governance
  • Constitution of India
  • The preamble of the Constitution
  • Parliamentary Form of Government
  • Parliamentary Committees
  • Union Budget
  • Federal Structure of India
  • Judicial System in India
  • State government in India
  • Administration of Union Territories
  • NITI Aayog
  • Finance Commission
  • Election Commission
  • Central Information Commission of India
  • Lokpal and Lokayukta
  • National Disaster Management Authority
  • National Green Tribunal
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
  • Central Administrative Tribunal
  • Panchayati Raj Institutions in the Indian States
  • Union, State and Concurrent list of subjects
  • Rules related to the Languages
  • Government of India (Transaction of Business) Rules 1961
Important Acts passed by the Parliament of India
  • Citizenship Act and its amendments
  • Farmers Acts
  • Consumer Protection Act, 2019
  • Important Draft of the Acts floated by Government of India
Important topics from the Constitution of India
  • Fundamental Rights and Duties
  • Fundamental duties
  • Union Executive
  • Union Legislature
  • State Executive
  • State legislature
  • Emergency Provisions
  • Union and States relations
  • Governor Role in State Government
Reference books/material to be used
  • Constitution of India Bare Act
  • Constitution at work NCERT
  • India Year Book official
  • NITI Aayog website and its important reports
  • Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth
  • Constitution of India by P.M. Bakshi
  • Introduction to the Constitution of India by DD Basu
  • PRS website
  • Rajya Sabha website
  • Lok Sabha website
  • Newspaper Editorials
  • Prime Minister Speeches
  • Important Supreme Court Decisions

IAS (UPSC CSE) Prelims: Indian Polity and Governance Exam Tips & Strategies

Candidates must follow the below given tips & tricks to excel in the aforementioned section of UPSC IAS Prelims:

  • Candidates must have a bundle of resources in terms of reference materials. They must move in an order for reading the reference.
  • They must start their preparation with the NCERT book named ‘Constitution at Work’. This will strengthen the knowledge of the Constitution and its philosophies that are implemented in various parts of the World. After this, they should read the Constitution of India and focus on the meanings and details of each and every word of the Constitution.
  • Indian Polity (M. Laxmikanth) must be given the next preference as it will specify and detail about the legalities and Indian procedures.
  • Newspapers and editorials must be read after the Indian Polity book. Newspapers like ‘The Hindu’ will make the preparation more powerful.
  • DD Basu book must be read alongside the M.Laxmi book as it will give a cairty on the fundamental rights & related concepts.
  • The candidate must next go through the pending acts and bills in the House. They must go through the websites of Rajya Sabha and PRS to gain more insights about the same.
  • NITI Aayog website and its reports can also prove fruitful and will save time in getting information about state government plans & sections and their execution.
  • The aspirant must take regular mock tests once the whole syllabus is covered. 

Read More: UPSC Notification 2021: Check IAS, IFS, IPS Exam Dates, Eligibility, Pattern & Apply Online

Also Read: UPSC IAS 2021: Centre not in favour of granting relaxation in age limit

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.