IAS (UPSC CSE) is a three-staged exam and every year only 12000+ candidates get to appear in IAS Mains, among the lakhs who apply. This exam consists of 9 papers among which 2 papers are based on the candidate’s choice of subject. The UPSC list of optional subjects consists of 48 subjects including Civil Engineering.
UPSC Civil Engineering Optional is, no doubt, a tough subject. Though you have already good knowledge in it, it does not give you the privilege of neglecting it by any means. Only strategic preparation will save you both time and increase the scopes of obtaining scores. Here we are providing such suitable strategies and tips suitable for every IAS Civil Engineering Optional candidate.
We have listed the important topics from the syllabus which are more frequently asked in the papers:
|Engineering Mechanics, Strength of Materials and Structural Analysis||Engineering Mechanics, Kinematics and Kinetics, Kinetics of particle, Strength of Materials, Deflection of beams, Structural Analysis, Slope Deflection, moment distribution, Rolling loads and Influences lines, Arches, Matrix methods of analysis, Plastic Analysis of beams and frames, Unsymmetrical bending.|
|Design of Structures: Steel, Concrete and Masonry Structures||Structural Steel Design, Design of Concrete and Masonry Structures, Reinforced Concrete, Water tanks, Prestressed concrete,|
|Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow and Hydraulic Machines||Fluid Mechanics, Kinematics and Dynamics of Fluid flow, Dimensional Analysis and Similitude, Laminar Flow, Boundary layer, Turbulent flow through pipes, Open channel flow, Hydraulic Machines and Hydropower|
|Geotechnical Engineering||Soil Type and structure,|
|Construction Technology, Equipment, Planning and Management||Construction Technology, Construction, Construction Planning and Management|
|Surveying and Transportation Engineering||Surveying, Railway Engineering, Highway Engineering,|
|Hydrology, Water Resources and Engineering||Hydrology, Groundwater flow, Water Resources Engineering, Irrigation Engineering,|
|Environmental Engineering||Water Supply, Intake of water, Sewerage systems, Sewage characterization, Sewage treatment, Solid waste|
|Environmental pollution||Sustainable development. Radioactive wastes and disposal. Environmental impact assessment for thermal power plants, mines, river valley projects. Air pollution. Pollution control acts.|
You can download the previous Years question papers of Civil Engineering Optional of IAS Mains free of cost in PDF Format here:
|Years||Paper Name||Link to download|
Here are some recommended books especially for candidates studying Civil Engineering Optional of IAS Mains:
UPSC Mains Aspirants must follow strategies to complete the syllabus of optional papers along with other papers. Here are some tips to chalk out a seamless study plan:
Make a Plan which includes every subject proportionately so that the syllabus of every subject. Make a plane of 6 - 8 months giving 10 - 12 hours a day and then intensifying the timing up to 15 hours a day for at least 4 months.
Analyse the previous years of question papers and a few sample question papers so that you understand your weakness and strengths, as well as the important topics of Civil Engineering optional. Candidates should know the basic concept of Civil engineering to tackle Paper-II.
No need to read every topic you come across. Separate the important topics and go with a flow that will provide you to take the upper hand in concept clarification and depth of understanding.
When you analyze the question papers, you will find that a certain pattern is followed in it. Finding the question paper pattern will let you know about the important topics that are regularly asked in the UPSC mains.
Revision is very essential. Multiple revision is needed to memorize those long and empirical formulae. Otherwise, you forget the formulas in the exam hall as you have never read before. If you have difficulties in remembering the formulas, try to derive them which will help you to grasp the concept better.
You might be getting suggestions like make your own notes. But your mind is like how to make them and in what format. As we all know that UPSC IAS Mains is an offline descriptive exam. So you need to increase the speed of your writing as well.
Notes should contain important concepts, formula, derivations, and theory, especially for paper 2 topics.
Invest 90 days in answer writing. Your answer should be crisp and compact. While practising wrings answers of civil Engineering, include diagrams and graphical images as required. You also can follow model answer papers to have a good look at what kind of answers are desired in the IAS Mains Civil Engineering Optional papers by the examiners of UPSC.
IAS Mains is not only about hard word rather it is all about smart preparation. If you already have your study materials at home them kick- off your preparation pouring all your strengths and concentrations altogether.
Ques. Which engineering branch is best for IAS?
Ans. Civil engineering and electrical engineering both branch are best but your own plan which you can choose. But know the language before choosing if this was not the subject you gratulated in.
Ques. How many subjects are there in IAS?
Ans. There are a total of 48 optional subjects in UPSC Mains out of which, a candidate has to choose one. This subject need not to the subject you have graduated in.
Ques. Which optional subject has the highest success rate in UPSC?
Ans. As per the research shows, Agriculture has the highest success rate. Every year approx 220+ candidates take this paper as their IAS Mains optional subject and get 18% recommended.
Ques. Will Optional be removed from UPSC 2021?
Ans. No change has been declared in IAS Pattern in 2021. The Baswan committee recommended doing away with the optional subject, but there is no change in the IAS syllabus and exam pattern in UPSC notification 2021. The candidates are waiting for the removal of optional subjects to wait for more years.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.