The Nepali language is one of the optional subjects offered for the 2 optional papers in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Main Exam. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the Nepali literature. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each Nepali optional paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Nepali mains paper is 3 hours.
As per the latest news for 2021, the notification for IAS (UPSC CSE) will be released anytime soon, but the exam dates for prelims remain unchanged and on June 27, 2021.
Who should opt for Nepali in IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains?
Nepali is spoken indigenously over most of Nepal west of the Gandaki River. Candidates who have studied the Nepali literature can opt for it as an optional subject in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Exam. Some of the factors that one must account before choosing Nepali as an optional subject are:
Advantages of choosing Nepali
- Lesser competition as less number of aspirants chooses literature (Nepali included) as an optional.
- Stress reliever as an interest in the subject can work as a therapy.
- Quality of answers as there is no limitation to different kinds of answers.
- Updation in the syllabus is rare
- Essay writing and interviews won’t pose much of a problem as the amount of reading will help with these.
Disadvantages of choosing Nepali
- Subjective Nature of the answers can lead to less scoring at times if your views do not match with the evaluator.
- Lack of resources
- No syllabus overlap with GS papers
IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Nepali Paper 1 Syllabus
- History of the origin and development of Nepali as one of the new Indo-Aryan Languages
- Fundamentals of Nepali Grammar and phonology
- Nominal forms and categories:- Gender, Number, Case, Adjectives, Pronouns, Avyayas
- Verbal forms and categories- Tense, Aspects, Voice, Roots and Fixes
- Nepali Swara and Vyanjana;
- Major Dialects of Nepali
- Standardization and Modernization of Nepali with special reference to language movements (viz. Halanta Bahiskar, Jharrovad etc.)
- The teaching of Nepali language in India-Its history and development with special reference to its socio-cultural aspects.
- History of Nepali literature with special reference to its development in India.
- Fundamental concepts and theories of literature: Kavya/Sahitya, Kavya Prayojan, Literary genres, Shabda Shakti, Rasa, Alankara, Tragedy, Comedy, Aesthetics, Stylistics.
- Major literary trends and movements- Swachchhandatavad, Yatharthavad, Astitwavad, Ayamik Movement, Contemporary Nepali writings, Postmodernism.
- Nepali folklores (the following folk form only)- Sawai, Jhyaurey, Selo, Sangini, Lahari.
IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Nepali Paper 2 Syllabus
This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed below and questions will be designed to test the candidate’s critical acumen.
- Santa Jnandil Das-Udaya Lahari
- Lekhnath Poudyal-Tarun Tapasi (Vishrams III, V, VI, XII, XV, XVIII only),
- Agam Singh Giri-Jaleko Pratibimba : Royeko Pratidhwani (The following poems only-rasawako Chichy-ahatsanga Byunjheko Ek Raat, Chhorolai, Jaleko Pratibimba : Royeko Prati-dhwani, Hamro Akashmani Pani Hunchha Ujyalo, Tihar).
- Haribhakta Katuwal-Yo Zindagi Khai Ke Zindagi : (The following poems only – Jeevan : Ek Dristi, Yo Zindagi Khai Ke Zindagi, Akashka tara Ke Tara, Hamilai Nirdho Nasamjha, Khai Manyata Yahan Atmahutiko Balidan Ko).
- Balkrishna Sama-Prahlad
- Manbahadur Mukhia-Andhyaroma Banchneharu (The following One-Act plays only-‘Andhyaroma Banchneharu’, ‘Suskera’).
- Indra Sundas-Sahara
- Lilbahadur Chhetri-Brahmaputrako Chheuchhau
- Rupnarayan Sinha-Katha Navaratna (The following stories only-Biteka Kura, Jimmewari Kasko, Dhanamatiko Cinema-Swapna, Vidhwasta Jeevan).
- Indrabahadur Rai-Vipana Katipaya (The following stories only- Raatbhari Huri Chalyo, Jayamaya Aphumatra Lekha-pani Aipugi, Bhagi, Ghosh Babu, Chhutyaiyo).
- Sanu Lama-Katha Sampad (The following stories only-Swasni Manchhey, Khani Tarma Ekdin, Phurbale Gaun Chhadyo, Asinapo Manchhey).
- Laxmi Prasad Devkota-Laxmi Nibandha Sangraha (The following essays only-Sri Ganeshaya Namah, Nepali Sahityako Itihasma Sarvashrestha Purus, Kalpana, Kala Ra Jeevan, Gadha Buddhiman Ki Guru).
- Ramkrishna Sharma-Das Gorkha (The following essays only-Kavi, Samaj Ra Sahitya, Sahityama Sapekshata, Sahityik Ruchiko Praudhata, Nepali Sahityako Pragati).
Analytical and unconventional questions are appearing in previous papers so while preparing students should keep IAS Mains Nepali Syllabus and previous papers for reference.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.