Gujarati is the official language in the state of Gujarat, as well as an official language in the union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. In IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains exam there are 2 optional papers- paper 1 and paper 2. Each Gujarati paper consists of 250 marks. The duration for each Gujarati mains paper is 3 hours.
You can choose Gujarati language as an optional subject if you have graduated in the literature of Gujarati language as the main subject. Apart from that, choosing of Gujrati literature will be advantageous since very few aspirants choose this subject as the optional subject. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the Gujarati literature.
Check IAS Exam Pattern
Gujarati Paper 1
Form and History
- History of Gujarati Language with special reference to New Indo-Aryan i.e. last one thousand years.
- Significant features of the Gujarati language: Phonology, morphology and syntax.
- Major dialects: Surti, Pattani, charotari and Saurashtri.
- History of Gujarati Literature
- Jaina tradition
- Bhakti tradition: Sagun and Nirgun (Jnanmargi)
- Non-sectarian tradition (Laukik parampara)
- Sudharak yug
- Pandit yug
- Gandhi yug
- Anu-Gandhi yug
- Adhunik yug
- Literary Forms : (Salient features, history and development of the following literary forms)
- Narratives: Rasa, Akhyan and Padyavarta
- Lyrical: Pada
- Fiction: Novel and short story
- Literary Essay
- Lyrical Poetry
- History of theoretical Gujarati criticism
- Recent research in folk tradition
Gujarati Paper 2
The paper will reqire first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the critical ability of the candidate.
- Vasantvilas phagu-Ajnatkrut
- Chandrachandravatini varta-Shamal
- Sudharakyug & Pandityug
- Mari Hakikat-Narmadashankar Dave
- Farbasveerah- Dalpatram
- Saraswatichandra-Part-I Govar-dhanram Tripathi
- Purvalap- 'Kant' (Manishankar Ratnaji Bhatt)
- Raino Parvat-Ramanbhai Neel-kanth
- Gandhiyug & Anu Gandhiyug
- Hind Swaraj-Mohandas Kar-machand Gandhi
- Patanni Prabhuta- Kanhaiyalal Munshi
- Kavyani Shakti- Ramnarayan Vish-wanath Pathak
- Saurashtrani Rasdhar Part 1- Zaver-chand Meghani
- Manvini Bhavai-Pannalal Patel
- Dhvani-Rajendra Shah
- Adhunik yug
- Saptapadi-Umashankar Joshi
- Janantike- Suresh Joshi
- Ashwatthama- Sitanshu Yash-aschandra
Remember not to commit grammatical mistakes. Improve writing skills for IAS Main Gujarati literature exam. Handwriting should be eligible for IAS mains exam. A good command over the language is always helpful. Analytical and unconventional questions are appearing in previous papers so while preparing student should keep IAS Exam Gujarati main syllabus and Previous Papers for reference.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.