IAS (UPSC CSE) 2021 Arabic Optional Paper Detailed Syllabus

Updated On -

Mar 23, 2021

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Exams Prepmaster

The Arabic language is one of the optional subjects offered for the 2 optional papers in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Main Exam. The Arabic language paper is one of the best choices for candidates who have graduated with this or this is their mother tongue. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each Arabic paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Arabic mains paper is 3 hours.

As per the latest news for 2021, the notification for IAS (UPSC CSE) will be released anytime soon, but the exam dates for prelims remain unchanged and on June 27, 2021.

Who should opt for Arabic in IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains?

Candidates who have studied the Arabic literature can opt for it as an optional subject in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Exam. Some of the factors that one must account for before choosing Arabic as an optional subject are:

Advantages of choosing Arabic

  • Lesser competition as less number of aspirants chooses literature (Arabic included) as an optional.
  • Stress reliever as an interest in the subject can work as a therapy.
  • Quality of answers as there is no limitation to different kinds of answers.
  • Updation in the syllabus is rare
  • Essay writing and interviews won’t pose much of a problem as the amount of reading will help with these.

Disadvantages of choosing Arabic

  • Subjective Nature of the answers can lead to less scoring at times if your views do not match with the evaluator.
  • Lack of resources
  • No syllabus overlap with GS papers

IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Arabic Paper 1 Syllabus


  • Origin and development of the language-an outline.
  • Significant features of the grammar of the language, Rhetorics, Prosody.
  • Short Essay in Arabic.


Literary History and Literary Criticism : Socio-Cultural Background, Classical literature, literary movements, modern trends, origin and development of modern prose : drama, novel, short story, essay.

IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Arabic Paper 2 Syllabus

This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability. Answers must be written in Arabic.


Poets :

1. Imraul Qais : Qifa Nabke Min Zikra Habibin Wa Manzili (complete)

Al Muallaqatus Saba

2. Hassan bin Thabit : Lillahi Darru Isabatin Nadamtuhum (complete)

Diwan Hassan Bin Thabit

3. Jarir : Hayyu Umamata Wazkuru Ahdan Mada


Jalbas Sifahi Wa Damiatin Bikila

Nukhbatul Adab : Deptt. of Arabic, A.M.U. Aligarh

4. Farzdaq : Hazal Lazi Tariful Batha-o-Watatuhu (complete)

Majmuatun Minan Nazm-i-Wan Nasr, Jamia Salafiah, Varanasi

5. Al Mutanabbi : Ya Ukhta Khair-e-Akhin Ya Binta Khair-e-Abin


Aqamahul Fikru Bainal Ijz-e-Wattaabi

Nukhbatul Adab, Deptt. of Arabic, A.M.U. Alig.

6. Abul Ala Al-Maarri : Ala Fi Sabil Majdi Ma Ana Faailu


Wa Ya Nafsu Jiddi Inna Dahraki Hazilu

Majmuatul Minan Nazm-i-Wan Nasr, Jamia Salafia, Varanasi

7. Shauqi : Wulidal Huda Falkainatu Diau


Makhtara Illa Dinakal Fuqarau

Salamun Neeli Ya Ghandi (complete)


8. Hafiz Ibrahim :-Rajatu Linafsi Fattahamtu Hasati (complete)

Nukhbatul Adab

9. Ilya Abu Madi : Damatun Kharsao (complete)

Mukhtarat Minal Sher Al Arabi Al Hadith, M.M. Badwi


Authors Books Lessons

1. Ibnul Muqaffa Kalilah Wa Dimnah Al Asad Wal Thaur

2. Al-Jahiz Mukhtarat Min Adabil Arab Bakhilun Hakim (complete)

Part II By : S.A. Hasan Ali Nadwi

3. Ibn Khaldun Muqaddamah Araun Fit Talim (complete)

4. Mahmud Taimur Qalar Rawi Am Mutawalli (complete)

5. Taufiqual Hakim Masrahiyat Sirrul Muntahira (complete)

6. Abbas Mahmud Aqqad Mukhtarat Min Adabil Arab-II Assiddiq (complete)

(b) Study Of Indian Authors :

1. Ghulam Ali Azad Bilgrami

2. Shah Walullah Dehlavi

3. Zulfiqar Ali Deobandl

4. Abdul Aziz Meman

5. Syed Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi

Analytical and unconventional questions are appearing in previous papers so while preparing students should keep IAS Mains Arabic Syllabus and previous papers for reference.

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.