In IAS Main exam there are 2 optional papers in UPSC civil services mains exam. In IAS Mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers. You can choose Santali language as an optional subject, if you have graduated in the literature of Santali language as the main subject. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the Santali literature. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each Santali paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Santali mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed IAS Syllabus.
Answers must be written in Santali
Part – I (History of Santali Language)
I. Main Austric Language family, population and distribution.
II. Grammatical structure of Santali Language.
III. Important character of Santali Language : Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Translation, Lexicography.
IV. Impact of other languages on Santali.
V. Standardization of Santali Language.
Part – II (History of Santali Literature)
I. Literary trends of the following four periods of History of Santali Literature
(a) Ancient literature before 1854.
(b) Missionary period : Literature between 1855 to 1889 AD.
(c) Medieval period: Literature between 1890 to 1946 AD.
(d) Modern period: Literature from 1947 AD to till date.
II. Writing tradition in History of Santali literature.
Literary forms – Main characteristics, history and development of following literary forms.
Part – I
Folk Literature in Santali – folk song, folk tale, phrase, idioms, puzzles, and Kudum.
Part – II (Modern literature in Santali)
(a) Development of poetry and prominent poets.
(b) Development of prose and prominent writers.
(i) Novels and prominent Novelists.
(ii) Stories and prominent story writers.
(iii) Drama and prominent Dramatist.
(iv) Criticism and prominent critics. (v) Essay, sketches, memoirs, travelogues and prominent writers.
Shyam Sundar Hembram, Pandit Raghunath Murmu, Barha Beshra, Sadhu Ramchand Murmu, Narayan Soren 'Toresutam', Sarada Prasad Kisku, Raghunath Tudu, Kalipada Soren, Sakla Soren, Digambar Hansda, Aditya Mitra 'Santali', Babulal Murmu 'Adivasi', Jadumani Beshra, Arjun Hembram, Krishna Chandra Tudu, Rupchand Hansda, Kalendra Nath Mandi, Mahadev Hansda, Gour Chandra Murmu, Thakur Prasad Murmu, Hara Prasad Murmu, Uday Nath Majhi, Parimal Hembram, Dhirendra Nath Baske, Shyam Charan Hembram, Damayanti Beshra, T.K. Rapaj, Boyha Biswanath Tudu.
Part – III
Cultural Heritage of Santali tradition, customs, festival and rituals (birth, marriage and death).
Read About IAS Exam
Answers must be written in Santali
This paper will require in-depth reading of the following texts and the questions will be designed to test the candidates' critical ability.
Ancient Literature :
(a) Kherwal Bonso Dhorom Puthi – Majhi Ramdas Tudu "Rasika".
(b) Mare Hapramko Reyak Katha – L. O. Scrafsrud.
(c) Jomsim Binti Lita – Mangal Chandra Turkulumang Soren.
(d) Marang Buru Binti – Kanailal Tudu.
(a) Karam Sereng – Nunku Soren.
(b) Devi Dasain Sereng – Manindra Hansda.
(c) Horh Sereng – W.G. Archer.
(d) Baha Sereng – Balaram Tudu.
(e) Dong Sereng – Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu 'Thakur'
(f) Hor Sereng – Raghunath Murmu.
(g) Soros Sereng – Babulal Murmu "Adivasi".
(h) More Sin More Nida – Rup chand Hansda.
(i) Judasi Madwa Latar – Tez Narayan Murmu.
Part I – Poetry
(a) Onorhen Baha Dhalwak – Paul Jujhar Soren.
(b) Asar Binti – Narayan Soren "Tore Sutam"
(c) Chand Mala – Gora Chand Tudu.
(d) Onto Baha Mala – Aditya Mitra « Santali ».
(e) Tiryo Tetang – Hari Har Hansda.
(f) Sisirjon Rar – Thakur Prasad Murmu.
Part II – Novels
(a) Harmawak Ato – R.Karstiars (Translator – R.R. Kisku Rapaz)
(b) Manu Mati – Chandra Mohan Hansda.
(c) Ato Orak – Doman Hansdak.
(d) Ojoy Gada Dhiph re – Nathenial Murmu.
Part III – Stories
(a) Jiyon Gada – Rup Chand Hansda and Jadumani Beshra.
(b) Mayajaal - Doman Sahu 'Samir' and Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu 'Thakur'
Part IV – Drama
(a) Kherwar Bir – Pandit Raghunath Murmu
(b) Juri Khatir – Dr. K.C. Tudu.
(c) Birsa Bir – Ravi Lal Tudu
Part V – Biography
Santal Ko Ren Mayam Gohako-Dr. Biswanath Hansda
Improve writing skills for Civil services mains Santali literature exam. Handwriting should be legible for IAS Exam. A good command over the language is always helpful. Analytical and unconventional questions are appearing in previous papers so while preparing student should keep IAS Mains Santali Syllabus and previous papers for reference.
Read About IAS Syllabus
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.