In IAS Main exam, there are 2 optional papers.You can choose Malayalam language as an optional subject, if you have graduated in the literature of Malayalam language as the main subject. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each Malayalam paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Malayalam mains paper is 3 hours. Candidates should have a look at the syllabus which will help them in covering the important topics from Here
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Answers must be written in Malayalam
Unit 1-Early phase of Malayalam Language
1.1 Various theories: origin from proto Dravidian, Tamil, Sanskrit.
1.2 Relation between Tamil and Malayalam: Six nayas of A.R. Rajaraja Varma.
1.3 Pattu school-definition, Ramacharitam, later pattu works-Niranam works and Krishnagatha.
Unit 2-Linguistic features of
2.1 Manipravalam-definition. Language of early manipravalam works- Champu, Sandesakavya, Chandrotsava, minor works. Later Manipravalam works-medieval Champu and Aattakkatha.
2.2 Folklore-Southern and Northern ballads, Mappila songs.
2.3 Early Malayalam prose- Bhashakautaliyam, Brahmanda Puranam, Atta Prakaram, Krama Dipika and Nambiantamil.
Unit 3-Standardisation of Malayalam
3.1 Peculiarities of the language of Pana, Kilippattu and Tullal.
3.2 Contributions of indigenous and European missionaries to Malayalam.
3.3 Characteristics of contemporary Malayalam : Malayalam as administrative language. Language of scientific and technical literature-media language.
Unit-4 Ancient and Medieval Literature
4.1 Pattu-Ramacharitam, Niranam works and Krishnagatha.
4.2 Manipravalam-early and medieval manipravalam works including aattakkatha and champu.
4.3 Folk literature.
4.4 Kilippattu, Thullal and Mahakavya.
Unit 5- Modern Literature-Poetry
5.1 Venmani poets and contemporaries.
5.2 The advent of Romanticism-Poetry of Kavitraya i.e., Asan, Ulloor and Vallathol
5.3 Poetry after Kavitraya.
5.4 Modernism in Malayalam poetry.
Unit 6- Modern Literature-Prose
6.3 Short story
6.4 Biography, travelogue, essay and criticism.
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Answers must be written in Malayalam
This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and is designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.
1.1 Ramacharitam-Pattalam 1.
1.2 Kannassa Ramayanam-Balakandam first 25 stanzas.
1.3 Unnunilisandesam-Poorva Bhagam 25 slokas including Prastavana
1.4 Mahabharatham Kilippattu- Bhishma Parvam.
2.1 Kumaran Asan-Chinthavishtayaya Sitha.
2.3 G. Sankara Kurup-Perumthachan.
2.4 N.V. Krishna Variar-Tivandiyile Pattu.
3.1 ONV -Bhoomikkoru Charamageetham
3.2 Ayyappa Panicker-Kurukshetram.
3.3 Akkitham-Padatha Messanthi
3.4 Attur Ravivarma-Megharoopan.
4.1 O. Chanthu Menon-Indulekha
4.3 O V Vijayan-Khasakkinte Ithihasam.
5.1 MT Vasudevan Nair-Vanaprastham (Collection).
5.2 N S Madhavan-Higvitta (Collection).
5.3 C J. Thomas-1128-il Crime 27.
6.1 Kuttikrishna Marar-Bharatanatyam
6.2 M. K Sanu-Nakshathrangalude snehabhajanam
6.3 V.T. Bhattathirippad-Kannirum Kinavum.
Malayalam is a language spoken in India, predominantly in the state of Kerala. Improve writing skills for IAS Malayalam literature exam. Handwriting should be legible for IAS Exam. A good command over the language is always helpful. Analytical and unconventional questions are appearing in previous papers so while preparing student should keep IAS Mains Malayalam Syllabus and previous papers for reference.
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Candidates can look into the previous year papers for a better understanding of the understanding of the examination and the exam pattern
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.