IAS Mains: How to Prepare for Indian Polity

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Jun 10, 2020

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Simran Nigam

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Indian Polity discusses about various policies of the Government, rights-based issues of the vulnerable groups. The IAS 2020 Prelims examination is scheduled on October 4, 2020. The topics under Polity range from –

Everything about the Constitution, individual’s rights, duties, and responsibilities to structure, power, functions and responsibilities of various institutions of administration.

Polity can be classified into two parts: Static theory vs. Current Affairs. This post is a compilation of most viewed notes on Indian Polity.

Polity is the easiest of all the subjects to score, because of the following reasons:

  • The syllabus is concise & factual.
  • Straight forward questions are asked.
  • The questions are generally easy to moderate

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How to Prepare for Indian Polity?

It forms an important part of administration. One has to be abreast with the local happenings in and around you. A sense of awareness is created in the mind of the common man – about one’s rights, duties, responsibilities and help him/her to take an informed decision. It also helps in holding the Government accountable for failing to serve its people. Questions from Polity cover both static (basic) as well as the dynamic (current events) part.

To score the best, following are the important topics to build your concepts with respect to the three organs of the state, i.e. Executive, Legislature and Judiciary-

Indian Constitution

Indian Constitution (basics)

Preamble of the ConstitutionUnion and its Territory


Fundamental Rights

Directive Principles of State Policy

Fundamental Duties



Prime Minister, CoM and Attorney General


Supreme Court


Chief Minister and CoM

State Legislature

Historical background of Indian Constitution.

Constitution of India: List of All Articles (1-395) and Parts (1-22).

Indian Constitution Parts and Articles.

Parts of Indian Constitution: A brief overview.

Schedules of Indian Constitution: A brief overview.

Must Know Articles of Indian Constitution: A brief overview.



Sessions of Parliament: Adjournment, Prorogation, Dissolution etc.

When Does a Bill Lapse in Indian Parliament?

Types of Majorities Used in the Indian Parliament.

Parliamentary Committees in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

Important Parliamentary Committees in Detail.

Election to Rajya Sabha: The Procedure.

Government Budgeting: Indian Budget for Beginners.

Budget Documents Made Simple: Key to Budget Documents.

Difference between Full Budget and Vote on Account.

Cut Motions: Policy Cut, Economy Cut, and Token Cut.

Procedure Established by Law vs Due Process of Law.

Capital Punishment, Mercy Pleas and the Supreme Court.

Capital Punishment, Mercy Pleas and the Supreme Court.

Judicial Review vs Judicial Activism vs Judicial Overreach.

Contempt of Court: Time for a relook?

The Problem of Pending Cases in Indian Courts: How to tackle?

The Problem of Excessive Government Litigation

Fundamental Rights

Center-State Relations

Procedure Established by Law vs Due Process of Law.

Fundamental Rights vs Directive Principles: What if there is a conflict?

Inter State Council vs National Development Council.

NITI Aayog: The new ‘think-tank’ to replace Planning Commission.

Policies, Bills and Acts (Statutes)


Representation of Peoples Act 1950 and 1951.

Right to Information Act 2005.

Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005.

Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STI) 2013.

Indian Companies Act 2013.

Anti-Defection Law: Is it time for reconsideration?

100+ Government Schemes and the Implementing Ministries.

Role of Civil Services in a Democracy.

Functions of an IAS Officer.

Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies for Vulnerable Sections.

Sevottam Model.

Social Justice


Major Tribes in India: State-wise compilation.

President of India – Discretionary Powers You Never Knew Existed!

Also Read IAS Exam Preparation

Distribution of Questions

There is a significant number of questions that are asked from this particular section and over the years they have been found to be direct and ranging from Easy to Moderate on the difficulty level.

Year Number of Questions asked
2015 13
2016 8
2017 22
2018 13
2019 15

Indian Polity Books for IAS Exam

For polity, governance, social justice and foreign relations topics for mains, certain new books are available. List of books are given below:

  1. Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations – M. Laxmikanth
  2. Introduction to the Constitution of India by Durga Das Basu
  3. Our Parliament by Subhash Kashyap
  4. India Year Book
  5. Class 11 and 12 NCERT textbook of Political Science, especially, ‘Indian Constitution at work’.

Make sure you attempt as many tests as possible before you finally sit for the actual examination. It helps you with recall and saves you from making avoidable mistakes.

Indian Polity is one of the most scoring and interesting part of the IAS Exam. If prepared well, it is highly likely that you may end up scoring 100% in Polity.

Check IAS Exam Pattern

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.