IAS is a three-staged exam and every year almost out of 11.5 lakh, only 12000+ candidates get to appear in IAS Mains. This exam consists of 9 papers among which 2 papers are based on candidate”s choice of subject. The UPSC list of optional subjects consists of 48 subjects including Civil Engineering out of which candidates can choose any subject as UPSC IAS Mains Optional Subject.
No subject can be judged by this point of view that this is better than this one. But Most of the Engineering subjects are actually easier than other lengthy and informative optional subjects both technical and non-technical. Therefore, for civil engineering students as well as other engineering students have sufficient knowledge about the subject. Moreover, when you prepare for this subject it will open another door to attend GATE which is also another distinguished national exam of India.
Candidates are really getting confused about whether they should choose Civil Engineering as the optional subject of IAS Mains. Here is fair advice:
Civil Engineering is one of the most recommended subjects as the optional subject of IAS Mains. Choosing this subject will give you numerous tempting benefits. Here are the advantages:
Though the above paragraph might give you immense delight, preparing Civil Engineering Optional will make you face some inevitable challenges as well. Here they are:
To be exact, UPSC Civil Engineering Optional will take at least 4-5 months. You will only able to be complete in this time frame if you give Civil Engineering 12 - 15 hours per day. This time frame is enough regardless of your merit and educational background. But it also depends on how much time you will need to recall your graduation knowledge.
UPSC Civil Engineering Optional is, no doubt, a tough subject. Though you have already good knowledge in it, it does not give you the privilege of neglecting it by any means. Only strategic preparation will save you both time and increase the scopes of obtaining scores. Here we are providing such suitable strategies and tips suitable for every IAS Civil Engineering Optional candidates.
Before jumping into the preparation and analysing previous years’ question papers, memorize the syllabus very minutely. This will help you to keep the preparation in track and make you realize the percentage of your preparation out of the whole syllabus:
|Engineering Mechanics, Strength of Materials and Structural Analysis||Engineering Mechanics, Kinematics and Kinetics, Kinetics of particle, Strength of Materials, Deflection of beams, Structural Analysis, Slope Deflection, moment distribution, Rolling loads and Influences lines, Arches, Matrix methods of analysis, Plastic Analysis of beams and frames, Unsymmetrical bending.|
|Design of Structures: Steel, Concrete and Masonry Structures||Structural Steel Design, Design of Concrete and Masonry Structures, Reinforced Concrete, Water tanks, Prestressed concrete,|
|Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow and Hydraulic Machines||Fluid Mechanics, Kinematics and Dynamics of Fluid flow, Dimensional Analysis and Similitude, Laminar Flow, Boundary layer, Turbulent flow through pipes, Open channel flow, Hydraulic Machines and Hydropower|
|Geotechnical Engineering||Soil Type and structure,|
|Construction Technology, Equipment, Planning and Management||Construction Technology, Construction, Construction Planning and Management|
|Surveying and Transportation Engineering||Surveying, Railway Engineering, Highway Engineering,|
|Hydrology, Water Resources and Engineering||Hydrology, Groundwater flow, Water Resources Engineering, Irrigation Engineering,|
|Environmental Engineering||Water Supply, Intake of water, Sewerage systems, Sewage characterization, Sewage treatment, Solid waste|
|Environmental pollution||Sustainable development. Radioactive wastes and disposal. Environmental impact assessment for thermal power plants, mines, river valley projects. Air pollution. Pollution control acts.|
In this national lockdown due to COVID-19 outbreak, it is getting really hard to find the previous years’ question papers for every candidate. We are here proving you such links where you can download the previous years’ question papers of Civil Engineering Optional of IAS Mains free of cost in PDF Format and you also can Print out if needed.
|Years||Paper Name||Link to download|
Choosing a proper type of source for studying Civil Engineering Optional is a really important fact. If you don't choose the proper books as per your requirement and educational Background, you cannot approach proper study and you will not find it interesting altogether. Here are some recommended books especially for candidates studying Civil Engineering Optional of IAS Mains:
IAS Main is without any question is one of the toughest exams and the Optional papers of IAS Mains are no exception. UPSC Mains Aspirants must follow strategies to complete the syllabus of optional papers along with other papers. A perfect plan is required for seamless preparation and it also saves time. Here are some tips to create your won plan :
If you have a plan for Civil Engineering optional, you will kick-start the preparations on a daily basis, or else you will have this question in mind “What will I read today?”. Make a Plan which includes every subject proportionately so that the syllabus of every subject. Make a plane of 6 - 8 months giving 10 - 12 hours a day and then intensifying the timing up to 15 hours a day for at least 4 months. This may seem lengthy procedure but this is compact planning to achieve IAS Mains.
While memorizing the syllabus in between the lines do not make the plan accordingly. Analyse the previous years of question papers and a few sample question papers so that you understand your weakness and strengths, as well as the important topics of Civil Engineering optional. Candidates should know the basic concept of Civil engineering to tackle Paper-II.
No need to read every topic you come across. Separate the important topics and go with a flow that will provide you to take the upper hand in concept clarification and depth of understanding.
you have to gather the previous years’ question papers of Civil Engineering Optional subject from the above-part of this article. When you analyze the question papers, you will find that a certain pattern is followed in it. Finding the question paper pattern will let you know about the important topics that are regularly asked in the UPSC mains.
Revision is very essential. Multiple revision is needed to memorize those long and empirical formulae. Otherwise, you forget the formulas in the exam hall as you have never read before. If you have difficulties in remembering the formulas, try to make out a logical analysis so that it will remain in your mind.
Join test series or solve full-length papers at home to better manage time in exams. You will also learn about which question will be better to attempt and more scoring. Civil Engineering papers are in general very lengthy. So Test Series will also help you to speed up and help you to gain your desired speed.
You might be getting suggestions like make your own notes. But your mind is like how to make them and in what format. As we all know that UPSC IAS Mains is an offline descriptive exam. So you need to increase the speed of your writing as well.
We must ensure that for each subject notes shouldn’t exceed a total of 15 - 18 pages depending on the page and handwriting, else the purpose will be lost. Notes should contain important concepts, formula, derivations, and theory, especially for paper 2 topics.
Invest 90 days in answer writing. Your answer should be crisp and compact. While practising wrings answers of civil Engineering, include diagrams and graphical images as required. This increases the rate of scores. You also can follow model answer papers to have a good look at what kind of answers are desired in the IAS Mains Civil Engineering Optional papers by the examiners of UPSC.
IAS Mains is not only about hard word rather it is all about smart preparation. Performing well is possible even in such a crisis situation of COVID-19 outbreak and National Lockdown. If you already have your study materials at home them kick- off your preparation pouring all your strengths and concentrations altogether. And if you don’t have the source of study yet, not get stressed, buy or download them online in digital format, which will definitely help you. We wholeheartedly pray for your success.
Ques. Which engineering branch is best for IAS?
Ans. Civil engineering and electrical engineering both branch are best but your own plan which you can choose. But know the language before choosing if this was not the subject you gratulated in.
Ques. How many subjects are there in IAS?
Ans. There are a total of 48 optional subjects in UPSC Mains out of which, a candidate has to choose one. This subject need not to the subject you have graduated in.
Ques. Which optional subject has the highest success rate in UPSC?
Ans. As per the research shows, Agriculture has the highest success rate. Every year approx 220+ candidates take this paper as their IAS Mains optional subject and get 18% recommended.
Ques. Will Optional be removed from UPSC 2021?
Ans. No change has been declared in IAS Pattern in 2020. The Baswan committee recommended doing away with the optional subject, but there is no change in the IAS syllabus and exam pattern in UPSC notification 2020. The candidates are waiting for the removal of optional subjects to wait for more years.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.