How is the National Education Policy 2020 impacting Teacher recruitment- TET & CTET 2020 qualified candidates

Updated On -

Jul 31, 2020

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Earlier known as the Ministry of Human Resource Development of MHRD has been changed to the education Ministry and they have introduced the NEP 2020 or National Education Policy 2020 very recently. It is a policy that has amended the education system in both school and college level nation-wide and have taken quite a few drastic measures. It is expected that on implementation, the new policies will also impact CTET and TET qualified candidates as well as the teaching faculty recruitment system as a whole for government schools like Navodaya Vidyalaya and Kendriya Vidyalaya.

Let us find out what these measures are and proceed to analyze the likely impact it may have on the overall recruitment process of teachers in the public sector.

Also Read- CTET 2020 updates here

NEP 2020- Important highlights

To understand the impact that NEP 2020 can have on the recruitment of CTET and TET qualified candidates, it is important to understand what the policies states and amends first:

  • The policy aims for universalization of education. Right from pre-school to secondary level, by 2030, it is aiming for 100% gross enrolment ratio of GER.
  • Aims to provide education for at least 2 crores children who are currently not enrolled in any school.
  • The current system of 10+2 education will be replaced by 5+3+3+4 structure and the corresponding age group will be 3-8, 8-11, 11-14 and 14-18.
  • The age group of 3-6 which is presently not covered by the 10+2 system will also be brought under the school curriculum, because it is a crucial stage of the child’s mental development.
  • The policy will emphasis more on fundamental numeracy and literacy and there will be no longer a stark demarcation between the academic streams. Also, demarcation between academic, extracurricular, vocational streams will be eradicated and vocational education will become a part of the education from class 6 on an internship basis.
  • At least up to class 5, education in mother tongue or regional language is encourage and no language medium can be imposed on the students.
  • With the help of NCERT, a new curriculum framework will be designed for the education of teachers by NCTE.
  • By 2030, the minimum qualification for teachers required will be 4-years of integrated B.Ed.
  • Higher Education Commission of India or HECI will be set up as an umbrella body for all the higher education system throughout the country.

NEP 2020- Impact on TET and CTET qualified candidates

Several of the new policies directly clash with the present eligibility criteria for candidates of CTET and TET. Hence, there can be adverse as well as positive impact on the recruitment of teaching staffs in the future.

CTET and TET eligibility

According to the new policies, by 2030, the minimum required qualification to be eligible for the CTET and TET exams is going to be 4 years of integrated B.Ed. this means, only those candidates who at present holds or will in future opt for integrated B.Ed. courses for four years will be eligible for applying as a teacher through these exams.

Check CTET Eligibility here

Transparency in Teacher recruitment

To make the process of recruitment of teachers, the government will be launching the NPST or the New Professional Standards for Teachers. Once implemented it is expected that promotions for teachers now on will be based on merits alone. This clause of the policy will make it easier for CTET and TET qualified candidates to get recruited in government schools.

Liberty to teach in regional language till class 8

According to the new policies, no specific language can be enforced as a medium of instruction till class 8 and education can be in any regional language or mother tongue. Hence, TET or CTET qualified candidates have to be proficient in Hindi or the regional language for teaching till class 8.

New curriculum structure

The new curriculum structure will be 5+3+3+4 including the pre-school years as well into the curriculum structure. The candidates who qualify CTET and TET at present will have to adopt a different approach for teaching to help students cope with the new methods and system of education which will be soon implemented.

Technology in teaching

More emphasis is given to use of technology in teaching under NEP 2020. While this will definitely help to improve the classroom process it can be difficult for existing teachers who are not familiar with these technologies. Simultaneously, it will also be advantageous for teachers with technological proficiency and aid in the professional development of the teachers overall. Hence, CTET and TET qualified candidates will have to quickly familiarize themselves with the different technologies that are implemented for classroom education.

Find out latest CTET news here

Interactive teaching

There is a shift towards interactive teaching rather than textbook oriented techniques. Hence, teachers or qualified candidates have to improve their interactive skills, critical thinking and analytical understanding of the subject to impart education. The curriculum will be reduced to the core of the subjects which also means, it will test the teacher’s basic concept in their respective field and ability to innovate new interactive methods.

All these changes can prove to be advantageous as well as disadvantageous to the present-day candidates who have qualified CTET and TET. It will also mean that teaching cannot be taken lightly and the aspirants have to come up with new methodologies to adhere to the new policies and to shine in the teaching career.

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.