After getting through the written exam of CDS, candidates are called for further selection process, i.e., CDS SSB Interview which runs over the time frame of 5 days. In the interview process, candidates are examined on the basis of various Officer Like Qualities.
Those whose names appear in the CDS Results have to register for CDS SSB Interview Process. The interview is conducting over a span of 5 days. There are two stages of CDS SSB Interview, Stage 1 is OIR and PPDT test. Those who qualify this move to the second stage, which includes, Psychological Test, Group Test, Personal Interview and Conference.
The Main aim of the CDS Selection Process is to test the Candidates for the required Aptitude that Indian Army, Indian Air Force or Indian Naval Services demand in their Commissioned Officers. The details of each day of the selection process have been given below.
Service Selection Board is the personality & intelligence interview which analyses potential and compatibility of each candidate for the employment into the Armed Forces of India.
There are in total 13 SSBs across the nation setup for selection process of Indian Army(4), Air Force(5) & Naval Services(4). The Purpose of the Service Selection Board is to test candidate aptitude in the 5 day CDS Selection Process and decide whether they at par with the intelligence required for Officers at Indian Armed Forces.
The SSB Interview Process is described in detail below. Candidates can refer the following. The in detailed Day to Day process will help the candidates prepare well for the Process.
CDS SSB Interview is a grueling 5-day process. The first day of the interview process screens the candidates on the basis of verbal and non verbal abilities along with some memory retention test via PPDT. The series of tests on the day of screening include the following:
If the candidates are called early morning at the test centre, the Selection Process begins the same day. In case candidates are required to report on or after 1200 PM at the SSB Centre, the CDS SSB Interview begins from the next working day.
This test contains questions regarding Verbal and Non – Verbal Reasoning.. The count of Verbal questions is 50 to 60 to solve in 30 minutes and Non – Verbal around 50 questions to be solved in 40 minutes.
Verbal questions are asked from the topics like series, odd one out, speed/ distance/ time and blood relations. In the case of Non – Verbal: seeing the picture, mirror image, and picture distortion.
Read What is Officer Intelligence Rating Test in SSB
Following the Aptitude Test, candidates are shown a hazy/unclear Picture for 30 seconds and candidates are provided next one minute to write a story. The Main point of PPDT are mentioned below
Candidates are invited into groups of 15-20 candidates to discuss their stories and come to a conclusion after narration of each candidate. The group is allotted 15-20 minutes to disccuss and reach to a decision about the sense of the story and the message that it delivers. The main aim of the Group Discussion is to filter the candidates who can converse their thoughts in groups and is able to project their ideas in a group.
The Medium of group discussion is preferably English but candidates can discuss in hindi if they feel more comfortable and can switch back to english as soon as possible.
candidates are shortlisted based upon their performance in Aptitude Test, PPDT and Group Discussion. The Screened in candidates are then allotted fresh Chest Numbers and is sent to their SSB to settle down with their lugguage. The Selection Ratio in the Screening
Post Screening Round, and selection of candidates, they are required to fill out Personal Information Questionaire Form that includes basic information about the candidates’ personal background, education history and other details about candidates’ life.
The PIQ Form is the most important document that at times proves to be basis of Personal Interview prior to the conference Round. Candidates should fill the information in PIQ Form with utmost accuracy and in no case provide any false information.
Documents are required at the time of SSB interview. Candidates must bring the following original documents for verification. the Document Verification is scheduled after candidates fill out the PIQ form after screening in.
The psychological test is a tool helps in the recording of candidates various emotional and behavioral reactions.
Candidates have to clear the four psychological tests during SSB which are as explained below:
The Test pattern of TAT encompasses 12 writing stories on pictures shown one after the other on screen. Time allotted to complete this task will be 30 seconds to view the picture and 4 minutes to write a story on each picture. The 12th one is black and candidates can write any story from their own mind which somehow reflects candidates own life.
In Word Association Test (WAT) test pattern will be like 60 words will be flashed in front of the candidate and they are required to write his/her first thought comes after reading that word. The time given for each word will be 15 seconds.
In this test pattern a total of 60 situations required to be addressed in time of 30 minutes i.e. 30 seconds per situation. The Candidate has to give immediate reaction from multiple choices given.
In this candidates have to write a paragraph on what their Parents, Teachers, Siblings, Colleagues think of the Candidates. Another question of what candidates think of themselves is also asked.
Also Check Psychological Test in SSB
The Group Tasks is divided into two parts scheduled in two days i.e Day 3 & Day 4. In the Group Tasks, the candidate has to perform the tasks along with or without the help of the colleagues as mentioned. It consists of a 9 different type of tests to be performed in the group which is conducted by Group Testing Officer. These 9 tests are mentioned below in order as they are scheduled.
Group discussion consists of two rounds of discussion. GTO announces the three sets or topic in the first round and candidate can select any topic according to their choice. This is a simple step in which each and every candidate can participate. The Second round of group discussion is difficult and only selected candidates can take participate. The time for group discussion will be 30 minutes.
Group planning exercise is a fun task in which candidate need better thinking and fast mind. Candidate needs to come out with the best plan to reach the goal. They need to follow group planning exercise tips which are as below.
This is the first outdoor task in an interview of GTO. It is set of obstacles placed in the ground in the specified area. Helping materials are given by the GTO i.e. wooden log (Bali), Plank and a rope to tie. Difficulty level increases from one level to another that’s why it is named as progressive group task. Check What is Progressive Group Task
This is the fourth task in which all the groups have to complete race through series of six obstacles while carrying rolled tent which looks like a snake. It is also known as snake race. One channel is assigned to four teams.
Rules to be followed by the candidate in the group obstacle race are:
It is same as PGT, the difference is only with the division of the group i.e. group is divided into two sets. If group contain total 10 persons, then it is divided into 5 of two groups. Rules for HGT are similar as PGT.
In this candidates are given topics choice and then candidates have to speak for 2-3 minutes on the chosen topic. Candidates confidence, attitude, his/her views are some of the factors to successfully clear this exercise. Candidates are advised not to move too much during the course of a lecture.
In this number of obstacles varies for men and women. Men have to complete 10 obstacles and women have to complete 7 in three minutes. Obstacle type varies from board to board. Some general obstacles are the High jump, double jump, Balance beam, Monkey crawl, double ditch, and Rope climb etc.
Things candidate should know about the Individual Obstacle are below:
This task is held before FGT with the aim of finding candidate capability. Candidates can choose two members from the group. Obstacle should be completed within allotted time and resources availability.
This is the final task of SSB GTO task. There is only one obstacle and the entire group has participated in this task. Groups are provided with Fatta, Balli, Latha around 5 feet, Steel Pipe, 2 rope, and Load of 5 kg.
Following are the rules for PGT, HGT, CT, and FGT. Obstacles are painted in three colors namely:
White: Candidate and helping material can touch the obstacle.
Black: Only candidates can touch the obstacle.
Red: Candidates and helping material both cannot touch the obstacles.
In this candidate is in direct conversation with the interviewing officer. Initially, the officer asked about family background, hobbies, studies, friends etc. PIQ form of the candidate is important for the Interview. Officer basically ask for current happenings, view on politics, religion, and nationalism.
On the basis of the answers towards family, friends, sports etc candidate is analyzed. Candidates should be inconsistent in views. The Interview is conducted for 35-40 minutes. Selected candidates list are forwarded to the Medical Board. After clearing the Medical candidates will be in the merit list. Then the candidates join the Medical Board.
The final process at SSB scheduled on the final day. Candidates are required to face the Board Officers. Board comprises of its President, Deputy President, Group Testing officers.
This ends the interview procedure by matching candidate’s actions, thought process and words. Candidates are sent for medical and then for merit list.
Basically, this article encompasses the whole procedure of candidate’s selection in the Armed Forces of India. The Article contains detailed description about the various mandatory steps in selection. Along with the soldiers respect Indian Armed Forces provides Job Security, Facilities for both candidates and their families, Scope for Higher Education. Candidates will get the full appreciation, respect, regard, dignity wherever they go.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.