UPSC Indian Engineering Service (IES) 2021 Prelims will be held on July 08, 2021, for the recruitment of engineers for different posts. The application form of UPSC IES 2021 will be released from April 07 – 27, 2021.
UPSC IES Selection Process has three stages – Prelims, Mains, and the Interview. In the latest IES exam pattern, there are 2 objective papers whereas the Main exam has 2 conventional papers.
For every wrong answer, one-third of the marks will be deducted in the prelims IES 2021 Prelims exam. Get the latest news on the UPSC IES Exam.
In the following part of the article, the analysis of the previous years’ paper has been discussed along with the comparison between the old IES exam pattern and the latest exam pattern.
The IES Prelims 2021 will be conducted on July 08, 2021. The following exam paper analysis covers the exam papers of the IES exam from 2017 to 2020.
|Current issues of National and International importance relating to Social, Economic and Industrial development||10||4||4||10|
|Engineering aptitude covering Logical reasoning and analytical ability||10||14||13||8|
|Engineering Mathematics and Numerical analysis||12||4||7||8|
|General Principles of Design, Drawing, importance of safety||9||5||1||15|
|Standards and Quality practices in production, construction, maintenance and services||10||9||9||21|
|Basics of Energy and Environment: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, Climate Change, Environmental impact assessment||10||13||13||12|
|Basics of Project Management||12||13||12||4|
|Basics of Material Science and Engineering||11||14||26||9|
|Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their applications in Engineering||11||10||8||7|
|Ethics and values in the Engineering profession.||5||14||7||6|
The following are a few highlights of the paper-I that has been noticed in the past five years based on the topic-wise weightage and difficulty level of the questions-
When you go through the topic-wise weightage of the past 4years of IES prelims Paper-1 data, you can easily make an average mark and question distribution that can be expected in the upcoming exams.
The following table depicts the average marks weightage of the ten sub-topics based on the past 4 years-
|Topics||Average Number of Questions||Average Weightage|
|Current issues of National and International importance relating to Social, Economic and Industrial development||7||14|
|Engineering aptitude covering Logical reasoning and analytical ability||11-12||22-24|
|Engineering Mathematics and Numerical analysis||8||16|
|General Principles of Design, Drawing, importance of safety||8||16|
|Standards and Quality practices in production, construction, maintenance and services||12-13||24-26|
|Basics of Energy and Environment: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, Climate Change, Environmental impact assessment||12||24|
|Basics of Project Management||10-11||20-22|
|Basics of Material Science and Engineering||15||30|
|Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their applications in Engineering||9||18|
|Ethics and values in the Engineering profession.||8-9||16-18|
A pictorial depiction for better understanding of the topic-wise weightage in average-
In the prelims exam, the candidates must focus the type, pattern and topic of the questions, the sub-topics which is can be clustered into three broad categories -
If you consider the table of average topic-wise weightage from the past four years you can easily derive the weightage of each cluster.
The IES prelims 2020 was deemed to be easy to moderate considering its overall difficulty level. The following are in-depth analysis of the questions’ complexity from different sections-
The IES 2019 Prelims paper-1 was of moderate difficulty and definitely more difficult than the paper of IES 2020. The following is the detailed analysis of the IES 2019 GS paper and the difficulty level of each topic this year-
The IES Prelims Paper-1 of 2018 was moderately difficult considering all the sub-categories. The detailed analysis is as follows-
The following graph depicts the cut-off of trends for the general category in the past three years.
As depicted by the bar graph above, the cut-off for the general category can be anywhere between 188 and 256 as depicted below:
This entirely depends on the difficulty level of the paper. The harder and more difficult the paper, the cut-off marks go lower accordingly.
The cut-off for the reserved category is much lesser than that for the general category and can go down up to 90-100 depending on the cut-off for the general category in a particular year.
The main difference between the IES exam pattern before and after 2017 lies in the marks distribution. The following graph can give you an idea about the changes in a nutshell-
The objective paper-I and II are now combined into one paper which has significantly shortened the exam duration as well as the evaluation time. The English section has been excluded from the new IES Exam Pattern.
Since the syllabus for prelims and mains is identical, the preparation time and effort become less and there will be better scope for revision.
As per the latest reports, approximately 15 times the available vacancy will qualify for the Mains which means if you can rank within the top 7500 in IES 2021 Prelims.
Ques. How much time should you spend preparing each sub-topics?
Ans. For the entire GS syllabus, spare at least 2-3 hours daily for preparation.
Ques. How to filter and study the current affairs that are relevant for IES?
Ans. Studying current affairs for IES mainly involves having a thorough knowledge of Indian polity, governance, different government committees, and major economic developments at a national and international level.
Ques. Are questions repeated from the IES previous years?
Ans. Yes, questions are often repeated from the previous years or at least have similar patterns.
Ques. Have there been any changes in the syllabus of IES Prelims Paper 2?
Ans. After 2016, there have been several changes in the IES Prelims Syllabus as well. Significant changes have been noted in Paper 2 of the prelims. The following are some of those changes which you must be aware of:
Ques. Is there any minimum cut-off for IES Prelims Paper 1 and Paper 2?
Ans. The combined marks of Paper-1 and Paper-2 of IES prelims is considered to determine the prelims cut-off which is out of 500.
Ques. Since the syllabus has changed after 2016- can I skip practising the question papers before 2016?
Ans. You can skip questions that are no longer relevant according to the new syllabus. However, it is best not to skip practising the entire question paper as topics that are constant even after the change are often repeated from these papers.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.