UGC NET 2021 Syllabus: Download Paper 1 & Paper 2 Syllabus PDF

Updated On -

Mar 19, 2021

The UGC NET 2021 syllabus will e published with the release of exam notification by the National Testing Agency (NTA). UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus tests teaching and reasoning ability, research aptitude, comprehension, divergent thinking, and general awareness of the candidate. UGC NET Paper 2 Syllabus is based on the subject chosen by the candidate. It tests the candidate’s in-depth knowledge and expertise in the respective subject. NTA UGC NET is conducted for a total of 81 subjects.  

Overview of UGC NET 2021 Exam Pattern

Overview of Exam Pattern


Number of Questions











Check Detailed UGC NET Exam Pattern 2021

To increase the accuracy of solving the questions, the aspirants should thoroughly go through the UGC NET 2021 Preparation Tips. Moreover, for better preparations, candidates can also download  UGC NET Practice Papers.

UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus

UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus 2021

UGC NET Paper 1 is common and compulsory for every candidate. Paper 1 will have 50 questions worth 100 marks. Paper 1 syllabus has 10 units and exactly 5 questions will be asked from each unit. The detailed syllabus for Paper 1 is described below:

Unit-I Teaching Aptitude  

  • Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding, and Reflective), Characteristics, and basic requirements.
  • Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.
  • Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment, and Institution.
  • Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centered vs. Learner-centered methods; Off-line vs. On-line methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs, etc.).
  • Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern, and ICT based.
  • Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer-based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

Unit-II Research Aptitude 

  • Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism, and Postpositivistic approach to research.
  • Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative, and Quantitative Methods, Steps of Research.  
  • Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing,  Application of ICT in research, Research ethics.

Unit-III Comprehension 

  • A passage of text is given. Questions are asked from the passage to be answered.

Unit-IV Communication

  • Communication: Meaning, types, and characteristics of communication.
  • Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication, Barriers to effective communication, Mass-Media, and Society.

Unit-V Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude 

  • Types of reasoning: Number series, Letter series, Codes, and Relationships.
  • Mathematical Aptitude: Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages, etc. 

Unit-VI Logical Reasoning 

  • Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, the structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations, and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition, Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning, Analogies. 
  • Venn diagram: Simple and multiple uses for establishing the validity of arguments.  
  • Indian Logic: Means of knowledge, Pramanas- Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).  Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).

Unit-VII Data Interpretation 

  • Sources, acquisition, and classification of Data.
  • Quantitative and Qualitative Data. 
  • Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart, and Line-chart) 
  • Mapping of Data, Data Interpretation. Data and Governance.

Unit-VIII Information and Communication Technology (ICT) 

  • ICT: General abbreviations and terminology, Basics of the Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing, Digital initiatives in higher education. ICT and Governance. 

Unit-IX People, Development and Environment 

  • Development and Environment: Millennium Development and Sustainable Development Goals. 
  • Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment. 
  • Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change, and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions. Impacts of pollutants on human health.
  • Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear, and Forests.
  • Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies, Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.

Unit-X Higher Education System 

  • Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.
  • Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India. 
  • Oriental, Conventional, and Non-conventional learning programs in India. 
  • Professional, Technical, and Skill-Based education.
  • Value education and environmental education.
  • Policies, Governance, and Administration.

Download UGC NET Practice Papers

UGC NET Paper 1 Books 

There are some of the important books that will help you to prepare better for UGC NET 2021. Candidates must be well versed in their respective subjects for Paper 2. They should rigorously go through books of their bachelor's and master's curriculum. For Paper 1 they can follow the given books:  

Name of the Book Author Publisher
Trueman’s UGC NET/ SLET General Paper I M. Gagan (Author), Sajit Kumar Danika Publishing Company
UGC NET/ JRF/ SLET General Paper-1 Teaching & Research Aptitude Arihant Express Arihant Publication
CBSE UGC NET/SET/JRF – Paper 1: Teaching and Research Aptitude KVS Madaan Pearson Education
UGC NET/ SET Paper 1 -- McGraw Hill Education
CBSE UGC-NET: Teaching and Research Aptitude Dr. M S Ansari & RPH Editorial Board Ramesh Publishing House

UGC NET Paper 2 Syllabus

UGC NET Paper 2 Syllabus 2021

The subject for paper 2 is chosen by the candidate. Paper 2 will have 100 questions exclusively based on the subject chosen. The detailed syllabus PDF for 81 subjects of UGC NET Exam is given in the table below – 

Subject Code Subjects Syllabus 
0 General Paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude (Paper -I) Click Here

Economics/ Rural Economics/ Co-operation/ Demography/

Development Planning/ Development Studies/ Econometrics/

Applied Economics/Development Eco./Business Economics

Click Here
2 Political Science Click Here
3 Philosophy Click Here
4 Psychology Click Here
5 Sociology Click Here
6 History Click Here
7 Anthropology Click Here
8 Commerce Click Here
9 Education Click Here
10 Social Work Click Here
11 Defence and Strategic Studies Click Here
12 Home Science Click Here
14 Public Administration Click Here
15 Population Studies Click Here
16 Music Click Here

Management (including Business Admin. Mgt./Marketing/

Marketing Mgt./Industrial Relations and Personnel Mgt./

Personnel Mgt./Financial Mgt./Co-operative Management)

Click Here
18 Maithili Click Here
19 Bengali Click Here
20 Hindi Click Here
21 Kannada Click Here
22 Malayalam Click Here
23 Oriya Click Here
24 Punjabi Click Here
25 Sanskrit Click Here
26 Tamil Click Here
27 Telugu Click Here
28 Urdu Click Here
29 Arabic Click Here
30 English Click Here
31 Linguistics Click Here
32 Chinese Click Here
33 Dogri Click Here
34 Nepali Click Here
36 Assamese Click Here
37 Gujarati Click Here
38 Marathi Click Here
39 French (French Version) Click Here
40 Spanish Click Here
41 Russian Click Here
42 Persian Click Here
43 Rajasthani Click Here
44 German Click Here
45 Japanese Click Here
46 Adult Education/ Continuing Education/ Andragogy/ Non Formal Education. Click Here
47 Physical Education Click Here
49 Arab Culture and Islamic Studies Click Here
50 Indian Culture Click Here
55 Labour Welfare/Personnel Management/Industrial Relations/
Labour and Social Welfare/Human Resource Management
Click Here
58 Law Click Here
59 Library and Information Science Click Here
60 Buddhist, Jaina, Gandhian and Peace Studies Click Here
62 Comparative Study of Religions Click Here
63 Mass Communication and Journalism Click Here
65 Performing Art - Dance/Drama/Theatre Click Here
66 Museology & Conservation Click Here
67 Archaeology Click Here
68 Criminology Click Here
70 Tribal and Regional Language/Literature Click Here
71 Folk Literature Click Here
72 Comparative Literature Click Here

Sanskrit traditional subjects (including) Jyotisha/Sidhanta Jyotish/

Navya Vyakarna/ Vyakarna/ Mimansa/ Navya Nyaya/ Sankhya Yoga/ Tulanatmaka Darsan/

Shukla Yajurveda/ Madhav Vedant/ Dharmasasta/ Sahitya/ Puranotihasa /Agama).

Click Here
74 Women Studies Click Here
79 Visual Art (including Drawing & Painting/Sculpture Graphics/Applied Art/History of Art) Click Here
80 Geography Click Here
81 Social Medicine & Community Health Click Here
82 Forensic Science Click Here
83 Pali Click Here
84 Kashmiri Click Here
85 Konkani Click Here
87 Computer Science and Applications Click Here
88 Electronic Science Click Here
89 Environmental Sciences Click Here
90 Politics including International Relations/International Studies including Defence/
Strategic Studies, West Asian Studies, South East Asian Studies,
African Studies, South Asian Studies, Soviet Studies, American Studies.
Click Here
91 Prakrit Click Here
92 Human Rights and Duties Click Here
93 Tourism Administration and Management. Click Here
94 Bodo Click Here
95 Santali Click Here
100 Yoga Click Here
101 Sindhi Click Here

Note: The syllabus of UGC NET is also available in the libraries of all Indian Universities as well as on the UGC website:

UGC NET Marking Scheme

UGC NET Marking Scheme 2021

  • A uniform marking scheme is followed in the exam i.e. for both Paper 1 and 2, each correct answer is worth 2 marks. 
  • As per the revised exam of UGC NET exam, there is no negative marking for an incorrect answer. 
  • Hence, instead of skipping a question, once can use their calculated guess and mark the answer. 

The updated marking scheme of UGC NET is given below: 

Type of Answer  Marks Allotted 
Correct Answer  2 marks 
Incorrect Answer 

0 mark

No Answer  0 mark

Important Points:

  1. The aspirants will get 2 marks for every correct answer, both for the two units.
  2. In case of wrong answers, the students will not get any marks deduction.
  3. Furthermore, the students will not get any score in case of unanswered questions or for ‘Marked for Review’ questions.

Note: If a question for any reason is found to be incorrect, the benefit of marks will be given to only those candidates who attempted the question. However, if NTA drops a question, the benefit will be given to all the candidates. 

Also read UGC NET 2021 Preparation Tips

Frequently Asked Questions

UGC NET 2021 Syllabus FAQs

Ques: What is the syllabus for Paper 1 and Paper 2 of UGC NET 2021?

Ans: The syllabus for both papers is different. The syllabus for paper 1 is common for everyone and based on the topics of teaching and reasoning ability, research aptitude, comprehension, divergent thinking, and general awareness. The syllabus for paper 2 is based on the subject chosen by the candidate. It tests the candidate’s in-depth knowledge and expertise in the respective subject. NTA UGC NET is conducted for a total of 81 subjects.

Ques: Are there any changes in the syllabus of UGC NET 2021?

Ans: No. The syllabus has been revised in 2019 and no changes are expected to be made in UGC NET 2021 syllabus.  

Ques: Do I have to appear for both the papers?

Ans: Yes. You have to appear for both the papers. The duration of the exam is 3 hours and candidates have to complete both the papers in this time only. No breaks will be given in between the exam. 

Ques: What is the duration of the exam and weightage given to each paper?


UGC NET Paper  No. of Questions  Maximum Marks  Duration
Paper 1  50 100 

Cumulative time duration of 3 hours.

Shift 1: 9:30 AM - 12:30 PM

Shift 2: 2:30 PM – 5:30 PM

Paper 2  100  200
Total  150 MCQs  300 Marks  180 minutes

Ques: What is the new syllabus of the NTA UGC NET Paper 1?

Ans: The paper-1 syllabus for NTA UGC NET is common for all aspirants. It has 10 units and 5 questions are asked from every unit in the exam. The units are teaching aptitude, research aptitude, comprehension, communication, mathematical reasoning and aptitude, logical reasoning, data interpretation, ICT, people, environment and development, and higher education system. You can check the detailed syllabus here.

Ques: Does the UGC NET syllabus change every year?

Ans: No, the UGC NET syllabus does not change every year. The last major change was in the exam pattern when three papers were reduced to two however, the syllabus was not reduced but compressed into one paper.

Ques: How to crack the UGC NET exam in two months?

Ans: Smart planning of your syllabus and schedule will help you crack the exam in two months. If you dedicatedly study for 10-12 hours per day continuously for two months, you can complete the entire syllabus at least once and then revise it too.

Ques: What subject should I select for UGC CBSE NET?

Ans: For UGC CBSE NET, you must select the subject you had for your post-graduation or graduation. The paper-1 is common for all while paper-2 is subject-specific.

Ques: Is six months’ time enough for UGC net preparation?

Ans: Yes, 6-months is more than enough for the UGC NET preparation for both the papers along with repeated revision. However, you have to study consistently for 10+ hours every day over this time period so that you can finish the syllabus.

Ques: How many times can we attempt the UGC NET exams?

Ans: There is no time limit to the number of times you can attempt the UGC NET exam for the position of the assistant professor but for JRF, only three attempts are allowed.

Ques: Which is the best book for paper one of the UGC NET?

Ans: The following are some of the best books for UGC NET-

  • Trueman’s UGC NET/ SLET General Paper I- Danika Publishing Company
  • UGC NET/ JRF/ SLET General Paper- Arihant Publisher
  • UGC NET /JRF /SLET Teaching & Research Aptitude- Upkar Publishers
  • UGC NET/SET Paper 1- McGraw Hill Education
  • CBSE UGC NET: Teaching and Research Aptitude- JRF & Assistant Professor Exam Guide (Paper 1)-Ramesh Publishing House
  • Trueman’s UGC NET Paper 1 (Hindi)- Trueman Publishers
  • UGC NET/JRF/SLET General Paper 1- Shikshan Avum Shodh Abhiyogita- Arihant Publishers
  • UGC NET Teaching and Research Aptitude: Previous Paper & Test Papers RPH
  • 13 Years Solved Papers UGC NET/SET Teaching & Research Aptitude General (Paper 1)- GK Publishing

Ques: Is it possible to apply for NET in two different subjects?

Ans: No, you cannot apply for two different subjects in UGC NET. You can only apply for the subject in which you can complete your master’s degree.

Ques: Which is the easiest subject for UGC-NET?

Ans: You can only apply for the subject in which you have done your post-graduation. Hence, you cannot choose the subject as per your interest based on which seems easy or difficult.

Ques: Is it necessary to take UGC net coaching?

Ans: It is not mandatory to take coaching if you are confident about consistently studying and taking preparation without any external guidance.

Ques: In the UGC NET, are previous questions repeated?

Ans: Yes, there are several times when you will get repeated questions from previous years in several subjects.

3 Months Crash Course

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, please refer the official website of the exam.


jaee bhalerao
Is there any one particular book for paper I? If yes then please share the name.
abdul nazir

There is no particular book but several books from different authors that can be referred for preparation. Some of the recommended books are:

  • Trueman’s UGC NET/ SLET General Paper I
  • UGC NET/ JRF/ SLET General Paper-1 Teaching & Research Aptitude
  • CBSE UGC NET/SET/JRF – Paper 1: Teaching and Research Aptitude
  • UGC NET/ SET Paper 1
  • CBSE UGC-NET: Teaching and Research Aptitude
jaee bhalerao
Where can I find sample papers for English paper?
abdul nazir

Subject wise practise papers in pdf format are avialble at UGC NET 2021 sample papers. NTA also releases official mock test series on the official website that can be accesses using google account and mobile number.

karthika k
Send which book best computer science
abdul nazir

There are several books from different authors available in the market. These can be purchased either from physical stores or via online resources. It is recommended to buy the book with maximum positive reviews  You will get some of the best reference books at UGC NET 2021 preparation tips.

nafisa khatoon
Am I allowed to change the exam centre in UGC NET Exam 2021?
kavita rani

NTA tries to allot the most preferred exam center to the candidate. However, it holds the right to allot any exam center other than the ones selected by the candidates. Further details are here.

kavyashree s pattar
If one clears UGC NET can the person teach for PU, BCOM?
abdul nazir

Hi Kavyashree, UGC NET exam is conducted as an eligibility test for Junior Research Fellowship and Assistant Professorship for which the exams are held bi annually in June and December. Those who qualify the test and are found eligible can go for counselling round followed by posting as an assistant lecture. To know more visit UGC NET 2020.

moazzam husain
Is bed also available in agriculture subject..?
abdul nazir

Hi Moazzam Husain, For NET entrance test, there are two papers that need to be attempted. Paper 1 is common for all while paper 2 has options for different subjects to choose from. There is no subject of Agriculture available but there are around 81 subjects in the list. To know the details visit UGC NET exam.

shally chauhan
Which book is best we can prefer for forensic science net exam preparation?

HI Shally

You can visit on our official website of UGC NET Preparation Books to check out some of the reference books for your exam preference. 

sarita verma
Sent full syllabus of ugc net

Hi Sarita

Greetings from PREPP, YOu can visit on our official website UGC NET Syllabus to get the whole syllabus of the exam and the examination pattern.

anuj jindal
UGC NET Syllabus 2021

HI Anuj

Visit on our website of UGC NET Exam Pattern and Syllabus to get the whole syllabus of the exam. You will get all the other details about the exam.

sarita verma
I want the full syllabus of english literature of ugc net

Hi Sarita

Geetings of the day, You can visit on our official website UGC NET SYLLABUS to find the whole whole including English Litereture.

Which is best book can we refer Kannada net exam preparation

Hi Hema

Click Here to know what are the some important books you can buy for preparation.

durgesh rajput
What is the 2nd ppr syllabus for msc mayth
arvind kumar

Hi Durgesh, NTA conducts national level entrance exam UGC NET. The syllabus of Msc maths includes differential equations, integral calculus, calculus of variation. For more details visit: UGC NET EXAM

durgesh rajput
What is the syllabus of msc math for 2nd ppr

Hi Durgesh

Click Here to know the syllabus

kavyashree s pattar
Hello. Can one select 2 subjects in Paper 2 for UGC NET exam?

Dear Kavyashree

Greetings from Collegedunia. You can select only one subject in which you have passed the Master’s Degree in any specialization in Paper-2 that consists of a total of 81 subjects option to choose. For more details, kindly go through this link – UGC NET Eligibility Criteria 

mohsin ali para
negative marking is possible or not in NET
arvind kumar

Hi Mohsin, there is no negative marking in UGC NET. For more details visit: UGC NET 2020

mohsin ali para
Hello.i will be doing MBA now. which subject is best for NET exam economics or management plz help me
arvind kumar

Hi Mohsin, you can go for any one depending on your choice and preference as both of them are good. For more details visit: UGC NET 2020

kavyashree s pattar
Hello. I will be doing MCOM now for the academic year 2020-21. Am I eligible to write NET/SET exam next year in June 2021?
arvind kumar

Hi Kavyashree, you can write the exam once you complete your post graduation. For more details visit: NET EXAM

avinash sahu
Where can I get the syllabus of UGC-NET subjects?
kavita rani

Hi Avinash. Detailed syllabus for the UGC NET exam is mentioned here.

samsun neher
Which book is best for 2nd paper education books
samsun neher
Please tell me some books name for UGC net 2nd paper.
arvind kumar

Hi Samsun, you can buy books of arihant publications and also for books and preparation strategy please click here.

Hiii i m doing msc botany which subject should i choose that is related to my life science is also a subject in ugc????? Can u please explain me all about it through phone call
abdul nazir

Hi Dhanvi, Unfortunately botany is not a subject under UGC NET, but you can opt for environmental science which is most nearest one to botany. Also life science is not a subject in UGC. For details on UGC NET subjects and syllabus click here.

sandeep mahawar
What is criteria for UGC NET in German?